DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS PRELIMS UPSC |07 Nov 2020| RaghukulCS

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS  PRELIMS UPSC |07 Nov 2020| RaghukulCS

News Analysis


News – 1

Context: India will not accept any “shifting” of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the possibility of unprovoked tactical military actions “spiralling into a larger conflict cannot be discounted”, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Bipin Rawat said, as India and China held the 8th round of Corps Commander ­level talks at Chushul in an attempt to resolve the ongoing stand­off.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Defence, security, Polity

What is CDS?

  • The CDS is a high military office that oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services, and offers seamless tri-service views and single-point advice to the Executive (in India’s case, to the Prime Minister) on long-term defence planning and management, including manpower, equipment and strategy, and above all, “jointsmanship” in operations.
  • The first proposal for a CDS came from the 2000 Kargil Review Committee (KRC), which called for a reorganisation of the “entire gamut of national security management and apex decision-making and structure and interface between the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces Headquarters”.

News – 2

Context: Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Arunachal Pradesh has become the first in the eight­ State Northeast to provide insurance cover against COVID­19 for “green soldiers”.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Environment & ecology

[UPSC PRE-PYQ]

In which one of the following States is Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary located?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Manipur
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Nagaland

About Pakke tiger reserve:

  • Pakke Tiger Reserve, also known as Pakhui Tiger Reserve, is a Project Tiger reserve.
  • It is located in the East Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Towards the south and south-east, the sanctuary adjoins Nameri National Park of Assam. To the east lies the Pakke River and to the west, the park is bounded by the Bhareli or Kameng River.
  • It falls within the Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot.
  • The government of Arunachal Pradesh is planning to build a 692.7 km highway through the 862 sq km Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR).

News – 3

Context: Assam raises border issue with Arunachal.

  • The Assam government has raised the issue of forest land encroachment with Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Assam claims people of Arunachal Pradesh have encroached upon 6,375 hectares of its forest land.

[We have also read about the border issue of Assam & Mizoram let us have look upon the map & the issue]

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Geography, polity

Assam Mizoram dispute:

  • Assam was granted the status of a constituent state in 1950, losing its territory to the newly formed states within its border areas between the 1960s and the 1970s. 
  • On the other hand, Mizoram (earlier Lushai Hills) was part of Assam which was later carved out as a Union Territory and later achieved statehood in the year 1987 via the State of Mizoram Act of 1986. 
  • The two states share an inter-state border of 164.6 km. Cachar, Hailakandi and Karimganj districts of Assam shares border with Kolasib, Mamit and Aizawl districts of Mizoram.
  • Many times, the residents of the border areas cross to the other side as the border demarcation is not-so-clear. 
  • The Government of Mizoram is of the view that the boundary should be demarcated as stated in the 1875 notification, derived from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR) Act, 1873, while the Government of Assam believes that the 1933 demarcation must be followed.  

News – 4

Context: The Haryana Assembly on Friday passed a Bill which provides the right to recall members of Panchayati Raj institutions to those who elected them and gives women 50% reservation in these rural bodies. The Bill also proposed 8% reservation to the “more disadvantaged” among the Backward Classes.

Topic in syllabus: Mains – Polity (GS-2)

[The right to recall members of Panchayati Raj institutions is an example of true democracy – use this in your answer]

News – 5

Context:Meet targets to get air pollution funds’-  The Central government’s decision to release only half of its budgetary allotment for combating air pollution was because of its plan to link the money disbursed to the States achieving certain ‘performance targets’.

Topic in syllabus: Mains – Environment & ecology (GS-3)

[use this example to write about environment conservation efforts by government]

News – 6

Context: NBFCs with high systemic risks need more regulation: RBI DG

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Economy

About NBFCs:

  • Nonbank financial companies (NBFCs), also known as nonbank financial institutions (NBFIs) are financial institutions that offer various banking services but do not have a banking license.
  • Generally, these institutions are not allowed to take traditional demand deposits—readily available funds, such as those in checking or savings accounts—from the public.
  • Financial institutions that provide banking services without meeting the legal definition of a bank, i.e. one that does not hold a banking license.
  • Source of NBFC funding includes
    • From clients via insurance, mutual funds etc.
    • Can borrow from banks
    • Can be financed by NHB, NABARD, SIDBI etc.
    • Can raise money via issuing bonds
    • Very few permitted for External Commercial Borrowing (ECB)
  • RBI is entrusted with the responsibility of regulating and supervising some of the NBFCs by virtue of powers vested under Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

News – 7

Context: ‘U.K. to face Brexit trade disruption’ – Deal or no deal, the systems and infrastructure will not be ready in time: NAO

Topic in syllabus: Mains – I.R. (GS-2)

What is no deal Brexit?

  • It means the UK would immediately leave the European Union (EU) with no agreement about the “divorce” process.
  • It means the UK would leave the single market and customs union – arrangements designed to help trade between EU members by eliminating checks and tariffs (taxes on imports).

How Brexit matters to India?

  • India has had strong historical ties with the UK and currently it is one of India’s most important trading partners.
  • the number of Indian companies investing in the UK has quadrupled.
  • UK is today the largest investor in India, from among the G20 countries.
  • India and the UK has to maneuver through Brexit and enter into new trade agreements that are mutually beneficial to both economies.

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