DAILY MAINS NEWSLETTER FOR UPSC|08 JUN 2021|RaghukulCS

Daily Mains Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

08 June 2021 - Tuesday

Index

Mains Value Addition

Mains Analysis

Topic No

Topic Name

Source

1

Belligerence and pushback

The Hindu

2

The G-7 opportunity

Indian Express

Mains Value Addition

Madras HC directs Centre to protect LGBTQIA+ community until enactment of a law

Syllabus–GS 1: Social empowerment

Analysis: –

  • Empathising with the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual and such others’ (LGBTQIA+) community, the Madras High Court on Monday directed the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to enlist non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that could provide counselling, monetary support, legal assistance and protection to them until a law could be enacted to protect them.
  • Justice N. Anand Venkatesh ordered that the Ministry upload the details of the NGOs along with their address, contact details and services provided by them on its website within eight weeks and revise the information periodically.
  • Any person who faces an issue because he/she belongs to the LGBTQIA+ community could approach any of the enlisted NGOs for safeguarding their rights, the judge said.
  • It was also ordered that the NGOs, in consultation with the Ministry, should maintain confidential records of such persons who approached them and the aggregate data be submitted to the Ministry bi-annually.
  • Making it clear that the victims should be provided need-based relief, the court said the NGOs should also coordinate with the police with respect to offences committed against them.
  • Observing that his own upbringing had always treated the terms homosexual, gay and lesbian as anathema and that a majority of the society stands in the same position of ignorance and preconceived notions, the judge said he underwent a psychoeducation session and also interacted with a transgender doctor and her mother before penning his verdict that there’s nothing abnormal about LGBTQIA+.

Draft Rules for live-streaming, recording of court proceedings out

Syllabus–GS 2: Structure, organization and functioning of the Judiciary

Analysis: –

  • Draft Rules released by the Supreme Court e-Committee on Monday for live-streaming and recording court proceedings propose a 10-minute delay in transmission and exclusion of communally sensitive cases and matters that involve sexual offences and gender violence against women.
  • The Rules are part of the National Policy and Action Plan for implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the judiciary.
  • Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana recently said the process to make live stream a reality was actively under consideration.
  • Now, the Supreme Court has invited inputs and feedback on the ‘Draft Model Rules for Live-Streaming and Recording of Court Proceedings’.
  • The Rules would cover live-streaming and recording of proceedings in High Courts, lower courts and tribunals.

Mains Analysis

Belligerence and pushback

Why in News?

As the Quad gains momentum, states in the Indo-Pacific and South Asia are more likely to resist Chinese largesse

Syllabus— GS 2- IR

Background: –

  • In May, in another brazen display of its ‘wolf warrior’ diplomacy, China issued a strange warning to Bangladesh, a nation that it has tried to cultivate assiduously over several years.
  • While suggesting that China considers the Quad to be a minor anti-China initiative, the Chinese Ambassador to Bangladesh, Li Jiming, warned Dhaka that there will be “substantial damage” in bilateral ties between China and Bangladesh if the latter joins the Quad.
  • Under it’s ‘wolf warrior’ diplomacy, China issued a strange warning to Bangladesh, a nation that it has tried to cultivate assiduously over several years.
  • China considers the Quad to be a minor anti-China initiative, the Beijing, warned Dhaka that there will be “substantial damage” in bilateral ties between China and Bangladesh if the latter joins the Quad.

Revealing fault lines

  • Bangladesh promptly and publicly challenged the Chinese envoy’s statement, underlining categorically that Dhaka pursues an independent foreign policy
  • China continued to target Quad “as a small clique against China” and said that “remarks expressing opposition to this mechanism are not about interference but about expressing opposition to small cliques and bloc politics.
  • They also reflect the aspiration for maintaining regional peace and stability.” That China’s remarks would reverberate far beyond South Asia was expected and perhaps intended by Beijing itself.
  • S. remarked, “What we would say is that we respect Bangladesh’s sovereignty and we respect Bangladesh’s right to make foreign policy decisions for itself.”
  • This episode captures the emerging fault lines in South Asia and the wider Indo-Pacific in ways that are both revealing and challenging.
  • For all its attempts to play down the relevance of the Quad, Beijing realises that the grouping, with all its weaknesses, is emerging as a reality and there is little it can do to prevent that.
  • China is agitated about Quad’s future role and its potential success in offering the regional states an alternative to its own strong-arm tactics.
  • The Quad member states are busy in figuring out a cohesive agenda and there are no plans for an expansion.
  • The success will come only if Quad can build a credible platform first.
  • No one is sending out invitations to join Quad and no one has shown an interest.
  • But Beijing wants to ensure that after failing in its initial attempt to prevent the Quad from gaining any traction, its message is well understood by other states who may harbour any desire of working closely with the Quad members to uphold a rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific.

Growing momentum of Quad

  • For the moment, it is enough for Beijing to showcase its public disapproval of a platform that has gained rapid traction.
  • Beijing has failed to prevent nations from the West to the East from coming out with their Indo-Pacific strategies, it has failed to prevent the operationalisation of the Quad, and now it might be worried about other nations in the region thinking of engaging with the Quad more proactively.
  • This aggressive diplomacy is likely to have the opposite effect, in the near future.
  • Bangladesh is planning to come out with its own Indo-Pacific strategy and Beijing has now warned Dhaka that a close cooperation with the Quad should not be part of the policy mix.

Way Forward:

  • As the Quad gains more momentum and the churn in the waters of the Indo-Pacific leads to new countervailing coalitions against China.
  • For all the criticism China has heaped on the Quad’s members for trying to create an exclusive clique, it will be Beijing that is likely to demand clear-cut foreign policy choices from its regional interlocutors.
  • And states are more likely to push back than become subservient to Chinese largesse.

Question: –

With its message to Dhaka, Beijing was laying down a marker that nations should desist from engaging with the Quad. Comment

The G-7 opportunity

Why in News?

  1. Raja Mohan writes: With concerns about China growing acute, deepening cooperation with the West will help India secure its interests.

Syllabus—GS2: Important Global groupings

Background: –

  • The Cornwall summit of the G-7 hosted by the UK promises to be a definitive moment in the political evolution of the west
  • Also, the summit which will see Indian PM’s digital participation also marks a vital step towards a new global compact between India & the West.

What is Group of 7 or G-7?

  • The Group of Seven (G7) is an informal club of wealthy democracies consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • The heads of government of the member states, as well as the representatives of the European Union, meet at the annual G7 Summit.
  • The G7 represents 58% of the global net wealth & more than 46% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) based on nominal values, and more than 32% of the global GDP based on purchasing power parity.

Why is this relevant now?

  • Since the 2008 financial crisis, the conventional wisdom of the West has been in terminal decline.
  • But due following factors G-7 has gained much traction:
  • The rapid rise of China
  • Deepening divisions within the West during the Trump regime
  • The chaotic response in the West to the COVID-19 pandemic.

What is Biden’s strategy?

  • In his 1st abroad tour, Biden wants to reverse the global perception of a flailing West.
  • To demonstrate that the collective West is an enduring force to reckon with under American leadership, he declared that “America is back”.
  • In his tour, Biden to confer with the leaders of NATO & join a summit of the US & European Union.
  • In calling for the normalization of relations with Russia, Biden seems to take a fresh look at Washington’s fraught relationship with Moscow.

India-US in this scenario:

  • While Trump’s policies weakened the West, Biden is determined to strengthen US alliances & draw India into a new global architecture.
  • The following factors have generated an unprecedented convergence between India & the West:
    • Challenges from an increasingly aggressive China,
    • Urgent mitigation of climate change,
    • Construction of a post-pandemic international order.
  • Biden’s quick elevation of the Quad to the summit level was about defining a new agenda for the Indo-Pacific region.

UK Johnson’s View:

  • The behind PM Johnson’s invitation to India, South Africa & South Korea to join the G-7 summit is that
  • He wants to build a coalition of leading democracies that is based more broadly than the geographic West
  • to help fight & build back better from the COVID impact.
  • Create a greener & more prosperous future.
  • India is at the centre of that Western calculus.

India & G-7:

  • India is not participating for the 1st time in G-7, but for India too the Cornwall summit comes amidst intensifying strategic cooperation with the West that include
  • Strong bilateral strategic cooperation with the US, France, UK & the Quad.
  • The trilateral partnerships with France & Australia as well as Japan & Australia.
  • It also stepped up engagement with the EU.
  • The China Factor behind the increasing intensity of India’s engagement with the West:
  • The continuous deterioration of the relationship with China on the background of frequent military crises have compelled India to reevaluate its threats perceptions.
  • Besides the above threat, India realized that strong global cooperation with China wouldn’t be possible,
  • At the end of the Cold war, India saw China as a natural partner in the construction of a multipolar world to limit the dangers of a US-dominated unipolar world.
  • But today, China is the greatest obstacle to India’s global aspirations where
  • It is the only great power that voted against India’s permanent membership in the UNSC & blocked its NSG membership.
  • China today rakes up the Kashmir question the UN to create hinders for India.
  • On the trade front too, there is a growing imbalance with China & the negative impact of Chinese imports on India’s domestic manufacturing resulted in India walking away from China-dominated RCEP.

Moscow in the middle:

  • At a time when China’s problem for India became acute, Russia has moved closer to China but India don’t want to abandon its longstanding ties with Russia.
  • However, the above approach came under stress when Russia-US ties deteriorated quickly.
  • But with a renewed dialogue between the US & Moscow, India hopes for a relaxation of tensions between them that will ease India’s navigation among the great powers.

Way Forward: –

The growing convergence of India’s & West’s interests does not mean everything is on good terms. The following are some divergent areas:

  • The economic role of the state
  • Democratic regulation of the social media & the technology giants.

Though it is not easy to translate the broad convergence between both into tangible cooperation.

But with sustained negotiations, the shared interests can be converted into concrete outcomes.

All these years, India has default political orientation is looking east & mobilizing the south.

But with changing times, India while continues to strengthen its partnership in Asia & the global south, a more productive partnership with the West helps India to secure its growing national interests & adds new depth to its international relations.

Question: –

India not only reluctant to integrate with the China-led Asian economic order but it is also turning to the west for trade agreements.India is eager to emerge as a critical node in future supply chains oriented to the democratic world. Discuss.

 

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