- One school of thought believes that the people-centric approach is to be adopted by winning the hearts and minds thus avoiding coercive action.
- Another school of thought believes that enemy centric approach needs to be adopted and the success of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh can be attributed to the enemy-centric approach.
- States need to rise tactical forces like Greyhounds to counter the attacks being made by the maoists.
- States must also coordinate with each other since better coordination acts as a deterrent for the Maoists to move from one state to another during attacks.
SAMADHAN stands for-
S- Smart Leadership,
A- Aggressive Strategy,
M- Motivation and Training,
A- Actionable Intelligence,
D- Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators)
H- Harnessing Technology,
A- Action plan for each Theatre,
N- No access to Financing.
Other steps taken
- Special Central Assistance for improving the public infrastructure.
- Road Connectivity Project for better access to town centers and improving livelihood opportunities.
- Educational initiatives like Eklavya model schools for the development of tribal areas.
Reasons behind increasing LWE:
- Economic development under the fiver plan led to the formation of the growth poles restricted only to some urban areas that led to unequal development.
- Alienation of Forest Land because the failure of land reforms and harassment of govt servants.
- Agrarian development policies focused on improving output without reducing economic and social disparity.
- Industrial development policies helped the capitalists to exploit tribal of their rights & resources.
- Lack of basic infrastructure required for the developments to connect these remote areas with dist headquarters, helped extremisms to thrive.
- The skilled human resource deficit such as doctors, teachers, etc led to further deprivation of these areas.
- Inaccessibility of government schemes & the presence of parallel governments in the remote region hindered state led development.