Mains Value Addition
Here is why the electoral bonds scheme must go
Net-zero emission with economic growth? Yes, it’s possible for India
Remove the wedges in India-Bangladesh ties
Syllabus – GS 1- Indian culture
It wasn’t just the Election Commission that raised red flags about the electoral bonds scheme – there was criticism from the Reserve Bank of India as well.
In the light of recent controversy regarding the electoral bonds, what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India?
Recently 58 countries announced net-zero emission targets. In the next 30 years, they aim to reduce their emissions of climate change-causing carbon dioxide and other GHGs, and remove what they do emit through planting trees or advanced technologies. Together these countries account for more than half the world’s current GHG emissions.
(1) The renewable energy capacity to go up to 450 GW.
(2) Phase-wise retirement of old polluting coal based power plants.
(3) Setting up of Ultra Mega Renewable Energy Parks to provide land and transmission to RE developers on a plug and play basis.
(4) Schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Surakshaevam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM), Solar Rooftop Phase II, 12000 MW CPSU Scheme Phase II, etc.
(5) Laying of new transmission lines and creating new sub-station capacity under the Green Energy Corridor Scheme for evacuation of renewable power.
(6) Notifying Bidding Guidelines for tariff based competitive bidding process for procurement of Power from Grid Connected Solar PV and Wind Projects.
(7) Declaring Large Hydro Power (LHPs) (>25 MW projects) as Renewable Energy source.
(8) Hydro Purchase Obligation (HPO) as a separate entity within Non-solar Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO).
(9) Tariff rationalization measures for bringing down hydro power tariff.
(10) Budgetary Support for Flood Moderation/Storage Hydro Electric Projects (HEPs).
(11) Budgetary Support to Cost of Enabling Infrastructure, i.e. roads/bridges for hydro projects.
With imaginative policies, robust institutions, and international finance, India will be able to declare its freedom from polluting fossil fuels in the hundredth year of its independence. Discuss
Bangladesh’s Declaration of Independence from Pakistan 50 years ago and positive changes in India’s relations with Pakistan has been elusive, including the different trajectories of India’s eastern and north-western frontiers. Discuss.