DAILY PRELIMS NEWSLETTER (UPSC) |02 Mar 2021| RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

02 March 2021

Table Of Contents

Economy…………………………………………………………………………………1
North East Cane and Bamboo Development Council       (NECBDC):…………………………………………………………………..1

Polity and Governance………………………………………………………….1
Zonal Council………………………………………………………………….1

International Relations…………………………………………………………2
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): …………….2

Places in News………………………………………………………………………3
Thailand…………………………………………………………………………..3

News in Short……………………………………………………………………….3
Hydroxy-chloroquine …………………………………………………….3
City Innovation Exchange (CiX): …………………………………..3
Raman Effect…………………………………………………………………..4

Economy

North East Cane and Bamboo Development Council (NECBDC):

Why in News?

The UT of J&K will set up three Bamboo Clusters through technical knowhow and collaboration from NECBDC.

UT of Jammu and Kashmir has huge bamboo reserves that can boost its economy in future.

About NECBC:

  • Formerly known as ‘Cane and Bamboo Development Council’ (CBDC), NECBDC was incorporated with the objective to organize the hitherto untapped bamboo sector of North East India.
  • It is under North Eastern Council, Ministry of DoNER (Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region).

Related Information:

  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission (NBM) was launched in 2018-19 for the holistic development of the complete value chain of the bamboo sector. And develop it on lines of hub and spoke
  • The NBM is a sub-scheme of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) under the umbrella scheme Krishonnati Yojana.
    • GoI introduced the green revolution Krishonnati Yojana in 2005 to boost the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic & scientific manner to increase the income of farmer.
    • Krishonnati Yojana comprises of 11 schemes and mission under a single umbrella scheme.

Polity and Governance

Zonal Council

Why in News?

Recently, Southern Zonal Council meeting was postponed.

About Zonal Councils:

  • These are statutory bodies established under the States Reorganisation Act 1956.
  • They are only deliberative and advisory bodies aiming to promote interstate cooperation and coordination.

Five Zonal councilsand States:

  1. Northern Zonal Council: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, NCT of Delhi and UT of Chandigarh.
  2. Central Zonal Council:Chattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Eastern Zonal Council: Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, and West Bengal.
  4. Western Zonal Council:Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and UT of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
  5. Southern Zonal Council: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the UT of Puducherry.

    Composition of Zonal Council:

    • Chairman: The Union Home Minister is the Chairman of each of these Councils.
    • Vice Chairman – The CMs of the States included in each zone act as Vice-Chairman of the Zonal Council for that zone by rotation, each holding office for a term of one year at a time.
    • Members– CM and two other Ministers as nominated by the Governor from each of the States and two members from Union Territories included in the zone.
    • Advisers– One person nominated by NITI Aayog for each of the Zonal Councils, Chief Secretaries and another officers nominated by each of the States included in the Zone.
    • Union Ministers are also sometimes invited to the meetings of Zonal Councils depending upon necessity.

    NOTE: The8 North Eastern States i.e. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Nagaland are not included in the Zonal Councils and their problems are looked after by the North Eastern Council, set up under the North Eastern Council Act, 1972 (also a statutory body).

    International Relations

    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB):

    Why in News?

    GoI has signeda pact with AIIB for power transmission network in Assam.

    About AIIB:

    • AIIB is a multilateral development bank which aims to to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and the world.
    • Headquarter: Beijing.
    • There were 57 founding members of AIIB and there are more than 100 members of AIIB now.
    • Fourteen of the G-20 nations are AIIB members including France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.
    • Shareholding:
      • China is the largest shareholder with 26.61 % followed by
      • India (7.6%),
      • Russia (6.01%) and
      • Germany (4.2 %).
    • NOTE: Japan and USA are not members of AIIB.

    Places in News

    Thailand

    Why in News?

    There were pro-democratic protests in Thailand, linking their cause with that of protesters in Myanmar.

    About Thailand:

    • Thailand is a Kingdom in Southeast Asia.
    • Presently, it has a form of Constitutional Monarchy.
    • Land Bordering Countries:
      • Myanmar (Burma),
      • Laos,
      • Cambodia
      • Malaysia.
      • Maritime Neighbours: India, Indonesia and Vietnam
      • Related Information:

        • Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand along the Andaman Sea.
        • BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka,Myanmar and Thailand
        • Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC) Countries: India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

    News in Short

    Hydroxy-chloroquine

    • Recently, a WHO Panel stated that HCQ should not be used to prevent COVID-19 and it has no meaningful effect on patients already infected.
    • HCQ is an oral drug used in the treatment of malaria and also for some autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.
    • It is considered less toxic than chloroquine.

    Related Information:

    • Malaria is a disease caused parasites of genus Plasmodium. It spreads by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito.
    • Autoimmune diseases are in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells of the body.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder which affects many joints, including those in the hands and feet.

    City Innovation Exchange (CiX):

    • City Innovation Exchange (CiX) was launched by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
    • Itaims to connect cities to innovators across the nationto design innovative solutions for their pressing challenges.
    • The platform will help cities in adopting solutions to enhance the quality of life for residents.
    • Also, it will significantly improve the Ease of Doing Business.

    Raman Effect

    • National Science Day (NSD) was observed on Feb 28 in India.
    • It is celebrated to commemorate discovery of the Raman Effect, for which Nobel Prize was awarded to C.V. Raman.
    • Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules.
    • The phenomena of Raman effectis used in any field where non-destructive, microscopic, chemical analysis and imaging is required such as
      • Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics e.g., Compound distribution in tablets etc
      • Geology and Mineralogy e.g.,Gemstone and mineral identification
      • Carbon Materials e.g., Various aspects ofcarbon nanotubes
      • Life Sciences e.g., DNA/RNA analysis etc.

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