DAILY PRELIMS NEWSLETTER(UPSC)|23 Mar 2021 | RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

23 March 2021

Table Of Contents

Environment……………………………………………………….. 1
  • Ken Betwa Link Project …………………………………….. 1
Science and Technology ……………………………………….. 1
  • Milan-2T …………………………………………………………. 1
  • Helium ……………………………………………………………. 1
History ……………………………………………………………….. 2
  • Tomar king Anangpal II …………………………………….. 2
Art and Culture ……………………………………………………. 2
  • Kumbh Mela ……………………………………………………. 2
Governmental Initiatives………………………………………. 3
  • Gram Ujala Scheme: …………………………………………. 3
News in Short ……………………………………………………… 3
  • Diptheria Disease …………………………………………….. 3

Environment

Ken Betwa Link Project

Why in News?

CMs of MP and UP have signed an agreement to implement the Ken Betwa Link Project (KBLP).

About Ken-Betwa Link Project:

  • The project aims to transfer surplus water from the Ken river in MP to Betwa in UP,
  • It will irrigate the drought-prone Bundelkhand region spread across the two states of MP and UP.
  • Both Ken and Betwa rivers originate in MP and they are the tributaries of Yamuna.

Related Information:

  • Rajghat, Paricha and Matatila dams are over Betwa
  • Ken River passes through Panna tiger reserve, MP.

Science and Technology

Milan-2T

Why in News?

Ministry of Defence recently signed a contract with Defence PSU Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) for the supply of MILAN-2T Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) to the Indian Army.

About Milan-2T:

  • The Milan-2T is an ATGM with a range of about 2kms.
  • It is produced by BDL under license from MBDA Missile Systems, France.
  • These missiles can be launched from the ground and other vehicle-based launchers
  • These can be deployed in Anti-Tank Role for both offensive defensive
  • It is also a step in achieving the goal of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ in the defense sector.

Helium

Why in News?

A crisis seems to be emerging in some Industry since USA has decided to cut its Helium exports and India imports much of required Helium from USA.

About Helium:

  • Helium is colorless, odourless, tasteless, inert, and a noble gas.
  • It has lowest boiling point among all the elements.
  • Applications:
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans,
    • In rockets,
    • Nuclear reactors, etc.

Related Information:

  • India’s Rajmahal volcanic basin in Jharkhand state is the storehouse of helium present in India.
  • However, presently, we are mapping the Rajmahal basin extensively for future exploration and harnessing of helium.

History

Tomar king Anangpal II

Why in News?

The GoI has recently formed a committee to popularise the legacy theTomar dynasty 11thcenuty king, Anangpal II.

About Anangpal II:

  • He belonged to the Tomar dynasty which ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana in 8th-12th
  • He was succeeded by his grandson Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Prithviraj was defeated by Ghurid forces in the second Battle of Tarain (in present-day Haryana) in 1192.
  • The Tomar dynasty had shifted its capital in the 8th century), to Dhillikapuri (present day Delhi) during the reign of Anangpal II.
  • He had givenDelhi its present name and he also repopulated it.
  • He is known for Lal Kot fort and Anangtal Baoli.

Art and Culture

Kumbh Mela

Why in News?

There is an ongoing Kumbh Mela at Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

About Kumbh Mela:

  • Kumbh Mela isa part of UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
  • Kumbh Mela is a peaceful congregation of pilgrims, during which participants in the sacred river.
  • It takes place on the banks of:
    • Godavari river in Nashik,
    • Shipra river in Ujjain,
    • Ganges in Haridwar,
    • Confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna, and the mythical Saraswati river in Prayag.
  • Generally, it is held alternatively at each of these places every 3 years.
  • The 7th-century Chinese traveller Xuanzang (Hiuen Tsang) has also mentioned about such confluence of people at Prayag. It is believed to be the first documentation of the Kumbh Mela.

About UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:

  • This list is made up of such intangible heritage elements which demonstrate diversity in cultural heritage and also raise awareness about its importance.
  • This list was established in 2008 with signing of the “Convention for Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage”.
  • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of India, recognized by UNESCO:

Governmental Initiatives

Gram Ujala Scheme:

Why in News?

Gram Ujala Scheme was recently launched in Arrah, Bihar.

About Gram Ujala Scheme:

  • Under Ministry of Power.
  • It is an ambitious scheme which offers the LED bulbs in rural areas at a mere Rs. 10.
  • In its first phase 15 million LED bulbs will be distributed across select villages of 5 states.
  • The LED bulbs are offered by Energy Efficiency Services Ltd’s (EESL’s) subsidiary Convergence Energy Services Ltd (CESL).
    • EESL is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the Ministry of Power.
  • The programme is designed to be financed entirely through carbon credits. It will be the first such programme in India.
  • The revenue earned through carbon credits will contribute Rs. 60 per LED bulb, and the balance Rs. 10 is to be paid by the rural consumer.
  • It will thus also help in meeting intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) targets under paris climate accord.

News in Short

Diptheria Disease

  • Diphtheria is a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
  • Symptoms include: Common cold, fever, chills, swollen gland in neck, sore throat, bluish skin etc.
  • Primary infection occurs in the throat and upper airways. A type of diptheria also causes ulcers on the skin.
  • It mainly spreads by coughs and sneezes, or via close contact with someone infected.
  • Valnerable Population: Children aged 1 to 5 years.
  • Diphtheria is preventable with dosage of antibiotics and vaccines.
  • The diphtheria vaccine is among the oldest vaccines in Universal Immunisation Programme of India.
  • As per data from the National Family Health Survey-4, the diphtheria vaccine coverage is 78.4%.

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