Conscience is a capacity, intuition or decision that helps to distinguish right from wrong. For ex. Buddha
links the positive aspect of conscience to a pure heart and a calm, well-directed mind.
Also conscience is a subjective and flexible in decision making. Unlike, laws and rules which are objective in
nature, conscience helps in making decisions on the basis of values like compassion, empathy, past experiences,
Its role in Public Administration:
At Citizen Level:
Collective and individual conscience of inhabitants is very important because it describes the existing
societal conditions such as keeping surrounding clean, active participation in the elections, taking stands
against undemocratic and unethical principles.
It helps in controlling mass prejudices such as riots and lynching of offenders.
At Political Level:
Elected to serve the nation and not to rule the nation. Conscience can help in reducing the corruption,
nepotism, seeking personal interest like grabbing property, giving ticket to minister’s son or daughter, etc.
Conscience can provoke politicians to act in a benevolence of society at large and uphold the constitutional
At Bureaucratic Level:
The situation of following orders of superiors’ v/s inner voice creates the crisis of conscience for
At this level the intrinsic voice of serving the nation and maintaining the highest standards of honesty and
probity is important as they are link between citizens and political figures.
It is important to dynamically excel and improve at individual and institution level. Thus, if everyone act and adhere
to their principle values, the moral degradation can be controlled and faith in governing institutions can be