Daily Prelims Newsletter|27 July 2021|RaghukulCS|UPSC

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

27 July 2021-Tuesday

Table Of Contents

Polity and Governance

  • Overseas Citizens of India (OCI)
  • PM CARES for Children

Art and Culture

  • Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram

Governmental Initiatives

  • Jal Jeevan Mission

Polity and Governance

Overseas Citizens of India (OCI):

Why in News?

The Delhi High Court has stated that the Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO) cannot insist on the physical or virtual presence of both the spouses for processing OCI card applications for one of them.

About OCI:

  • Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme was started in 2005 by making amendments to Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • In 2015, the Government of India merged PIO (Person Of Indian Origin) card with OCI card.

Exceptions: Eligibility:

  • Person applying for OCI card must hold a valid Passport of another country.
  • Individuals who do not have citizenship of any other country are ineligible to apply for OCI status.
  • Individuals whose parents or grandparents hold/held citizenship of Pakistan and Bangladesh are ineligible to apply for OCI status.

Benefits for OCI cardholders:

  • Lifelong Visa to visit India multiple times.
  • No need to register with Foreigners Regional Registration Officer (FRRO) or Foreigners Registration Officer (FRO) for any duration of stay.
  • Except for acquisition of agricultural and plantation properties, they have similar facilities which are extended to NRIs in economic, financial and educational fields.
  • Treated at par with NRIs regarding – entry fees for national monuments, practice of professions like nurses, doctors, dentists, advocates, architects, etc.

Restrictions for OCI Card Holders:

  • Do not have right to vote.
  • Do not have right to any public service/government jobs.
  • Cannot hold offices of – Prime Minister, President, Vice -President, Judge of Supreme Court and High Court, MP or MLA or MLC.
  • Cannot own agricultural property.

PM CARES for Children

Why in News?

Recently, a web-based portal was launched to facilitate submission of applications and identification of children eligible to receive support under the ‘PM CARES for Children’ scheme.

About PM CARES for Children:

  • It was launched for support & empowerment of Covid affected children.
  • Eligibility: Children who have lost both their parents or surviving parent or legal guardian/adoptive parents due to Covid 19.

Key Features:

  • Fixed Deposit in the name of the child
  • Support for School and Higher Education
  • Health Insurance benefits under Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY).

Related Information: PM CARES:

  • The Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations (PM-CARES) Fund was set up to accept donations and to provide relief during the Covid-19 pandemic, and other similar emergencies.
  • It was set up as a public charitable trust registered on March 27, 2020.
  • The donations to fund can also avail 100% tax exemption.
  • The Prime Ministeris its ex-officio Chairman andex-officio Trustees include Defence Minister, Home Minister and Finance Minister.
  • The contributions to the PM – CARES Fund will alsoqualify as CSR Expenditure.

Other Information: Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF):

  • It was constituted in 1948 by PM Nehru, to assist displaced persons from Pakistan.
  • Presently, the fund is used to tackle natural calamities like floods, cyclones, and earthquakes.
  • The fund is entirely constituted of public contributions and does not receive any budgetary support.
  • It accepts voluntary contributions from Individuals, Trusts, Organizations, Companies, and Institutions etc.
  • Disbursements from the fund are made with the approval of the Prime Minister.

Art and Culture

NatarajaTemple, Chidambaram

Why in News?

Aani Thirumanjanam festival was recently observed in Chidambaram temple.

About Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu

  • Nataraja Temple, is dedicated to Lord Nataraja – Shiva as the lord of dance.
  • The temple wall carvings display all the 108 karanas from the Natya Shastra by Bharata Muni referring these postures foundation of Bharatanatyam, the classical Indian dance.
  • The temple was built in the 10th century when Chidambaram was the capital of the Chola dynasty.
  • Shiva as Nataraja is the primary deity of the temple.
  • It also presents themes from Shaktism, Vaishnavism, and other traditions of Hinduism.
  • The temple has Dravidian architecture.

 Key Points about Dravida Style of Temple Architecture:

  • The Dravida temple is enclosed within a compound wall, unlike the Nagara style.
  • The front wall’s entrance gateway is known as a gopuram.
  • The shape of the main temple tower (of Chief Deity) is known as Vimana.
    • Vimana is a stepped pyramid that rises up geometrically, different from the curving Shikhara of Nagara style.
  • Mostly, a large water reservoir, or the temple tank, is enclosed within the complex.

Governmental Initiatives

Jal Jeevan Mission

Why in News?

On Oct. 2,2020 100-day campaign to provide tap water access to government schools and anganwadis under Jal Jeevan Mission was initiated. However recent stats show that, over a third of government schools and anganwadis still do not have tap water access.

About Jal Jeevan Mission:

  • It aims to supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • Under Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • It is centrally sponsored scheme.
  • It looks to create a janandolan for water, to make it everyone’s priority.

Key Programmes to be undertaken:

  • Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, etc to be undertaken in convergence with other government programmes.
  • Prioritizing FHTCs in affected areas, like villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Providing FHTCs to Schools, Anganwadi centres,Health centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, wellness centres and community buildings.
  • Use of technological interventions to remove contaminants where water quality is an issue.

About Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban):

  • It was launched by the Budget 2021-22.
  • JJM (Urban) is under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • It aims to provide universal coverage of water supply to all households through functional taps in all statutory towns.
  • It will be a step towards Sustainable Development Goal- 6 i.e., clean water and sanitation.

Key Objectives of JJM(Urban):

  • Securing tap and sewer connections.
  • Rejuvenation of existing water bodies.
  • Creating a circular water economy.

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