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News Analysis

News no.1

Context: The Supreme Court said the Multi­-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency (MDMA) investigation into the “larger conspiracy” behind Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination in 1991 need not deter the Tamil Nadu Governor from deciding the plea for pardon of convicts like A.G. Perarivalan, who have been serving their sentence in jail for over two decades.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Polity

What did SC say?

  • The court made it clear during the hearing that it was reluctant to exercise its jurisdiction when the Governor was already seized of Perarivalan’s plea for pardon under Article 161 of the Constitution.

What is Article 161?

  • The Governor of a State shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the State extends.

News – 2

Context: Mercury dips to 10°C, IMD may declare a cold wave – November expected to be colder than usual this year.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Geography

What IMD say?

  • India Meteorological Department (IMD) said that it may consider declaring a cold wave if the temperature continues to stay the same for another day.

What is the criteria to declare cold wave?

  • For the plains, a cold wave is declared when the minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius or below
    and is 4.5 degrees Celsius less than normal for two consecutive days.

What does the Indian meteorological department do?

forecasting and seismology. IMD is headquartered in Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica.

  • IMD is also one of the six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organisation. It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.

News – 3

Context: Suspected Maoist killed in police encounter – Exchange of fire took place in the Banasura mountains in Wayanad.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Geography

Where is Bansura mountain?

News – 4

Context: More children to get fortified rice – Scheme will be scaled up to 112 districts; pilot failed to take off in most States.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Schemes | Mains – Hunger, Nutrition (GS-2)

What is fortified food?

  • Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients to food.
  •  It can be carried out by food manufacturers, or by governments as a public health policy which aims to reduce the number of people with dietary deficiencies within a population.
  • (In this context Children in anganwadis and government schools could soon be eating rice infused with iron, folic acid and vitamin B­12)

What is the objective mid-day meal scheme?

  • To enhance the enrollment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improve nutritional levels among school going children studying in Classes I to VIII of Government, Government – aided schools, Special Training centres (STC) and Madarasas and Maktabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

What is ICDS?

  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is an Indian government welfare programme which provides food, preschool education, and primary healthcare to children under 6 years of age and their mothers.
  • It includes: Supplementary Nutrition (SNP), Health & Nutrition Check-Up, Immunization, Non-Formal Education for Children in Pre-School, Health and Nutrition Education.

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