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UPSC Online News Analysis

News – 1

Context: Attorney­General K.K. Venugopal gave his consent to initiate criminal contempt action in
the Supreme Court against stand­up comedian Kunal Kamra for a series of tweets which “clearly cross the line between humour and contempt of court”.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Polity

What is contempt of court?

  • According to the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, contempt of court can either be civil contempt or criminal contempt.
  • Civil contempt means wilful disobedience of any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court, or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court.
  • Criminal contempt, on the other hand, is attracted by the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representations, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which:
    • scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court; or
    • prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with, the due course of any judicial proceeding; or
    • interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner.

News – 2

Context: Eminent artists who were allotted government accommodation in Delhi over the past four decades have been asked to vacate the houses by December 31, but the “damage charges” that they had racked up for overstaying have been waived by the Cabinet Committee on Accommodation, according to officials.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Polity

About accommodation for artist quota:

  • Under the artists’ quota for the General Pool Residential Accommodation, houses are allotted on the recommendation of the Union Culture Ministry to a maximum of 40 artists.
  • According to the guidelines, artists must be between 40 and 60 years of age and earn up to ₹20,000 a month.

About Cabinet committees:

  • These committees reduce the workload of the Cabinet.
  • These committees are extra-constitutional in nature.
  • They are not mentioned in the Constitution.
  • Two types of cabinet committees are:
    • Standing Cabinet Committees – permanent in nature
    • Ad hoc committees – temporary in nature

What is Cabinet Committee on Accommodation?

  • The Cabinet Committee on Accommodation determines the guidelines or rules with regard to the allotment of government accommodation.
  • It also takes a call on the allotment of government accommodation to non-eligible persons and organisations as also the rent to be charged from them.
  • It can consider the allotment of accommodation from the General Pool to Members of Parliament.
  • It can consider proposals for shifting existing Central Government Offices to locations outside the capital.

News – 3

Context: The Central Public Works Department (CPWD) on Thursday launched a design competition for an “iconic structure” at the proposed New India Garden along the Yamuna near Purana Qila as a part of the Central Vista redevelopment project.  

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Medieval history

About Purana Qila:

  • Purana Quila in Delhi has been built on a small hill standing on the banks of river Yamuna with its massive rubble wall and imposing gateway houses.
  • The structure houses a mosque, which has a double storied octagonal tower.
  • According to Hindu literature the fort marks the site of Indraprastha, the magnificent capital of the Pandavas, though the construction was carried out by a Afgan ruler Sher Shah Suri any time between 1538 to 1545 in the 3rd century who wrested the throne of Delhi from the Mughal emperor Humayun.
  • It is said that the Mughal king Humayun fell from tower accidentally and died.

News – 4

Context: India, ASEAN to expand trade despite RCEP walkout – PM calls for review of pact at summit with 10-member bloc.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – International relations

About RCEP:

  • The RCEP free trade agreement, which India walked out from a year ago, is expected to be signed on
    November 15, between China, Australia, South Korea, Japan, and 10 Association of South East Asian (ASEAN) nations.
  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement in the Asia-Pacific region between the ten member states of ASEAN, namely Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam, and five of their FTA partners—Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, and South Korea.
  • The 15 negotiating countries account for 30% of the world’s population and just under 30% of the global GDP.
  • Membership – The arrangement will also be open to any other external economic partners, such as nations in Central Asia and remaining nations in South Asia and Oceania.

News – 5

Context: China has begun work on a strategically significant railway line — its second major rail link to Tibet — that will link Sichuan province with Nyingchi, which lies near the border with India’s Arunachal Pradesh.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – International relations, Geography

News – 6

Context: India has made significant progress in its vaccination coverage to prevent child pneumonia and diarrhoea deaths, according to the latest annual Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report released by the International Vaccine Access Centre (IVAC).

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Science & Technology | Mains – Health (GS-2)

Use this data in your answers:

About Pneumonia:

  • Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs.
  • The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing.
  • A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.
  • Antibiotics can treat many forms of pneumonia.
  • Some forms of pneumonia can be prevented by vaccines.

About Diarrhoea:

  • Diarrhea is characterized by loose, watery stools or a frequent need to have a bowel movement.
  • Diarrhoea is usually caused by a virus, or sometimes, contaminated food.
  • Most cases clear on their own. Some infections may need antibiotics. Severe cases can cause enough dehydration
  • Antibiotics can be used if the symptoms are caused by bacterial or parasitic infections.

News – 7

Context: The fifth Scorpene conventional submarine, Vagir, being built by the Mazagon Docks Ltd. with
technology transfer from France was launched into water.

Topic in syllabus: Prelims – Defence

About Vagir:

  • It is Part of the six Kalvari-class submarines being built in India by French naval defense and energy company DCNS.
  • Scorpene submarines have superior stealth features like the advanced acoustic absorption technique, low radiated noise levels, and hydro-dynamically optimized shape and also the ability to attack the enemy using precision-guided weapons.
  • They have the ability to undertake missions like anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, mine laying, and area surveillance.

Examples for Ethics (GS-4)

  • The Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions introduced a chargeable doorstep service for submission of Digital Life Certificate (DLC) through postmen, bringing relief to lakhs of Central government pensioners. – In order to make this facility available across the country, DoPPW roped in
    the India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) and utilised its huge network of postmen and gramin dak sevaks in providing doorstep facility to pensioners.  (an example of Quality of service delivery)
  • Britain accused China of breaking its international treaty obligations, after four pro­democracy lawmakers were ousted from Hong Kong’s legislature on security grounds. (Against the ethics in international relations)

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