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UPSC Online News Analysis


Context: Bru refugees demand immediate implementation of settlement pact – ‘Rehabilitation process already delayed due to pandemic’

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Tribes of India | Mains – Internal security (GS-3)

About Bru tribe:

  • Brus found in Mizoram, Tripura, Assam.
  • They are also called as Reangs.
  • They speak the Reang dialect of Kokborok language
  • The language is of Tibeto-Burmese origin and is locally referred to as Kau Bru.
  • The Hojagiri folk dance of Reang sub tribe is rather well known all over the world.
  • ‘Buisu’, is the most popular festival of reang tribes. (do not be confused with ‘bihu’)
  • Whenever a disputes arise in the between the member of the community, a meeting is called by the Rai (a sub tribe of Bru).
  • The deities of the Reangs are similar those of other Tripuri people.
  • The rituals of worship are also similar to the mainstream Tripuri.

What is the issue?

  • In 1995, following a clash between Mizos and Brus, the Young Mizo Association and Mizo Students’ Association demanded that Brus be removed from the state’s electoral rolls, contending that the tribe was not indigenous to Mizoram.
  • This led to an armed movement led by the militant outfit Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF), and a political one by the Bru National Union (BNU).
  • On October 21, 1997, BNLF militants killed a forest official in Mizoram, leading to retaliatory ethnic violence.
  • The BNU, which was demanding an autonomous tribal district, claimed that 1,391 Bru houses in 41 villages were burnt down and several people were raped and killed.
  • A large number of Bru families fled to North Tripura.
  • Thousands of families, with some 30,000 members, were given shelter in six relief camps in Kanchanpur and Panisagar subdivisions.


Context: Indigenous QRSAMsuccessfully tested again.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Defence, Science & technology

About QRSAM:


Context: Experts call for protection of geological sites such as Erra Matti Dibbalu that can drive tourism through Nature trails and guided tours.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Defence, Science & technology

About The red dunes of Visakhapatnam:

  • Erra Matti Dibbalu also called as Red Sand Hills, a notified National Geo-heritage Monument.
  • It is situated at the outskirts of Visakhapatnam City.
  • It is located very near to the Bay of Bengal and is one of Visakhapatnam’s many heritage sites.
  • William King, a geologist from the Geological Survey of India described them as badlands to represent the denudational remnants of great sand banks or isolated banks formed around sunken or depressed hills.
  • The red sediments are deposited over the basement of khondalite rocks (garnetiferous sillimanite gneiss) and comprise of yellow sands at the bottom followed upward by reddish brown concretion bearing sand unit, brick red sand unit and light-yellow sand unit.
  • Archaeological excavations of artefacts found in the compact dark yellow Erra Matti Dibbalu indicate undisputedly, an Upper Paleolithic horizon and on cross dating assigned to Late Pleistocene Epoch 20,000 BCE.
  • Mesolithic and Neolithic cultural materials were also unearthed from the red sediments at different locales denoting their continued formation till almost recent times.

Examples for Ethics (GS-4)

  • The CBI has arrested a person suspected to be involved, along with a few others, in the sexual abuse of children in different parts of Uttar Pradesh. The accused, it is believed, filmed their acts and sold them through the dark web to paedophiles in various countries. (Against Societal values | It emphasises on the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.)
  • A minor Dalit rape survivor was allegedly killed in Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr district by the relatives of the accused. (Against Societal values | It emphasises on the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values | tolerance and compassion towards the
  • Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia directed labour department officials to ensure that workers receive benefits of various labour welfare schemes within 72 hours of filing an application. “If there are cases wherein a few select files are favoured and the rest are stopped in the system, strict action will be taken against the officers engaging in such activities,” said Mr. Sisodia. (Favouritism is unethical as it interferes with fairness because they give undue advantage to someone who does not necessarily merit this treatment.)

Important one liners

  • The Supreme Court asked the Centre to explain its “mechanism” against fake news and bigotry on air, and to create one if it did not already exist.
  • A field study by the Azim Premji University on the efficacy and accessibility of elearning has found that more than 60% of the respondents who are enrolled in government schools could not access online education. (An example of digital divide)
  • Confront sponsors of terror, says Modi – Addressing 12th BRICS summit, Prime Minister also raises the need for reforms in the Security Council.
  • Modi speaks with Biden, affirms importance of ties – Discussed our shared priorities: PM
  • Once a court takes cognisance of a corruption case investigated by the CBI, it cannot be set aside for lack of the State government’s prior consent for the probe against some of the accused, unless it is shown that it has resulted in prejudice, the Supreme Court has held.
  • NHRC notes a drop in women workers – Expert group to come up with Ministry wise recommendations to increase their participation. Guidelines to the government to improve women’s
    participation in the workforce would be issued by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) soon.
  • ‘Will work with democracies on trade to counter China’ We’re going to invest in American workers, says Joe Biden.
  • A mega Chinese real-estate development in Sri Lanka will open early next year offering tax concessions to attract investors and revive the struggling economy, the government of Sri lanka said.

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