Mains Value Addition
Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy
Recognising the Migrant
A post-COVID fiscal framework
The 21st century is host to multitudinous crises impacting different sectors.
A succession of unrelated crises has heralded forebodings of still graver damage not only to the economy but also to the body politic and people everywhere.
Creating and executing a national public awareness campaign embarking instead on a determined campaign to stamp out the canker that is thwarting democracy and democracy-related procedures and actions. Discuss.
A report in The New York Times on the October 2020 breakdown of the Mumbai power distribution system points a finger at Chinese cyber hackers.
The 1899 Hague Convention brings in further clarity of what constitutes a regular force.
And last, it must conduct operations in accordance with laws and customs of war.
A combatant, thus, needs to be redefined due to three reasons.
None of these meet the requirements of The Hague Convention but the actions of these non-combatants fall squarely in the realm of national security.
A response would be reactive, after the attacker has conducted his operation; hence, as a right of self-defence, would an act of pre-emption (through kinetic means and/or through cyber) be in order? This argument may appear far-fetched now but needs to be examined as India seems to have a new view on the concept of the right to self-defence.
The question is, how long before this escalates to covert and/or overt kinetic retaliation.
India seems to have made its intentions clear at the UN meet, but this is a game that two can play; if not regulated globally, it could lead to a wild-west situation, which the international community should best avoid by resolute action.
Discuss the rising threat of cyber crimes in India. Explain the possible solutions for the same.
Recently NITI Aayog brought the draft Migrant Labour Policy into the public domain intending to recognize migrants’ contribution to the Indian economy.
The new strategy that represents a substantial departure from the current objective of focusing on specific debt ratio to achieving debt sustainability will make the Indian economy in tackling future shocks & create a virtuous cycle. Discuss.