India-US in this scenario:
- While Trump’s policies weakened the West, Biden is determined to strengthen US alliances & draw India into a new global architecture.
- The following factors have generated an unprecedented convergence between India & the West:
- Challenges from an increasingly aggressive China,
- Urgent mitigation of climate change,
- Construction of a post-pandemic international order.
- Biden’s quick elevation of the Quad to the summit level was about defining a new agenda for the Indo-Pacific region.
UK Johnson’s View:
- The behind PM Johnson’s invitation to India, South Africa & South Korea to join the G-7 summit is that
- He wants to build a coalition of leading democracies that is based more broadly than the geographic West
- to help fight & build back better from the COVID impact.
- Create a greener & more prosperous future.
- India is at the centre of that Western calculus.
India & G-7:
- India is not participating for the 1st time in G-7, but for India too the Cornwall summit comes amidst intensifying strategic cooperation with the West that include
- Strong bilateral strategic cooperation with the US, France, UK & the Quad.
- The trilateral partnerships with France & Australia as well as Japan & Australia.
- It also stepped up engagement with the EU.
- The China Factor behind the increasing intensity of India’s engagement with the West:
- The continuous deterioration of the relationship with China on the background of frequent military crises have compelled India to reevaluate its threats perceptions.
- Besides the above threat, India realized that strong global cooperation with China wouldn’t be possible,
- At the end of the Cold war, India saw China as a natural partner in the construction of a multipolar world to limit the dangers of a US-dominated unipolar world.
- But today, China is the greatest obstacle to India’s global aspirations where
- It is the only great power that voted against India’s permanent membership in the UNSC & blocked its NSG membership.
- China today rakes up the Kashmir question the UN to create hinders for India.
- On the trade front too, there is a growing imbalance with China & the negative impact of Chinese imports on India’s domestic manufacturing resulted in India walking away from China-dominated RCEP.
Moscow in the middle:
- At a time when China’s problem for India became acute, Russia has moved closer to China but India don’t want to abandon its longstanding ties with Russia.
- However, the above approach came under stress when Russia-US ties deteriorated quickly.
- But with a renewed dialogue between the US & Moscow, India hopes for a relaxation of tensions between them that will ease India’s navigation among the great powers.
Way Forward: –
The growing convergence of India’s & West’s interests does not mean everything is on good terms. The following are some divergent areas:
- The economic role of the state
- Democratic regulation of the social media & the technology giants.
Though it is not easy to translate the broad convergence between both into tangible cooperation.
But with sustained negotiations, the shared interests can be converted into concrete outcomes.
All these years, India has default political orientation is looking east & mobilizing the south.
But with changing times, India while continues to strengthen its partnership in Asia & the global south, a more productive partnership with the West helps India to secure its growing national interests & adds new depth to its international relations.
India not only reluctant to integrate with the China-led Asian economic order but it is also turning to the west for trade agreements.India is eager to emerge as a critical node in future supply chains oriented to the democratic world. Discuss.