Mains Value Addition
Evaluate the Ladakh crisis, keep China at bay
The debate over vaccine GST exemption
Syllabus -GS 1: Population and associated issues
Why in News?
Ladakh crisis offer 3 India key lessons to in managing the intensifying strategic competition with China.
Syllabus–GS 2: international Relations
-Military strategies based on denial are more useful than strategies based on punishment.
-Military’s standing doctrine calls for deterring adversaries which did not prevent Chinese incursion but the Indian military’s highwater mark in the crisis was an act of denial — its occupation of the heights on the Kailash Range on its side of the LAC in late August.
-This action served to deny that key terrain to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), and gave the Indian Army a stronger defensive position from which it could credibly defend a larger segment of its front line.
-By bolstering India’s defensive position, rather than launching an escalatory response, such a strategy is also more likely than punishment to preserve crisis stability.
-Over time, improved denial capabilities may allow India to reduce the resource drain of the increased militarisation of the LAC.
-China is more likely to be deterred or coerced with the threat of political costs, rather than material costs.
-A permanently hostile India or an accidental escalation to conflict were risks that China, having achieved its tactical goals in the crisis, assessed were an unnecessaryadditional burden while it was contending with the instability of its territorial disputes andpandemic response.
-To the extent that China adjusted its position in the Ladakh crisis, it did so because it was responding to the cumulative effect of multiple pressure points — most of which were out of India’s control.
– Against the rising behemoth, only coordinated or collective action is likely to be effective.
Indian Ocean Region is key
-India should consider accepting more risk on the LAC in exchange for long term leverage and influence in the Indian Ocean Region.
-At the land border, the difficult terrain and more even balance of military force means that each side could only eke out minor, strategically modest gains at best.
– In contrast, India has traditionally been the dominant power in the Indian Ocean Region and stands to cede significant political influence and security if it fails to answer the dizzyingly rapid expansion of Chinese military power.
– Ladakh crisis prompt India to defer long overdue military modernisation and maritime expansion into the Indian Ocean.
Way Forward –
Discuss how rebalancing India’s strategic priorities will require the central government to issue firm strategic guidance to the military services which will overcome entrenched bureaucratic and organisational cultural biases.
Why in News?
Issue of vaccine exemption from GST
Syllabus– GS3: Indian Economy & Taxation related issues.
GST amidst COVID-19
Vaccine and GST in India: –
Easing of imports
Possible Solutions: –
Way Forward: –
Several states have called for removing taxation on COVID-related medicines & supplies including a GST exemption on vaccines to help in removing supply constraints & contribute towards effective management of the COVID pandemic. Discuss.