Daily Mains Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

13 May 2021


Mains Value Addition

Mains Analysis

Topic No

Topic Name



The science teaching and rationality India needs

The Hindu


What is Article 311 (2) under which Sachin Waze was dismissed without an enquiry?

Indian Express

Mains Value Addition

Israel-Palestinian clashes trigger fears of ‘full-scale war’

Syllabus -GS 2: IR

Analysis: –

  • Relentless rocket fire and rioting in mixed Jewish-Arab towns fuelled growing fears on Wednesday that deadly violence between Israel and Palestinians could spiral into “full-scale war”.
  • Israel’s Defence Minister Benny Gantz vowed more attacks on Hamas and other Palestinian militant groups in Gaza to bring “total, long-term quiet” before considering a ceasefire.
  • Gaza militants have launched over 1,000 rockets since Monday, said Israel’s Army, which has carried out hundreds of air strikes on Islamist groups in the crowded coastal enclave of Gaza.
  • The most intense hostilities in seven years have killed at least 53 people in Gaza, including 14 children, and six in Israel, including an Israeli soldier and one Indian national, since Monday.
  • Three Palestinians were killed in West Bank clashes. At least 230 Palestinians and 100 Israelis were wounded.
  • As world powers voiced growing alarm and the UN Security Council readied for another emergency meeting on the bloody crisis, the UN Middle East envoy Tor Wennesland warned that “we’re escalating towards a full-scale war”.

Most NGOs don’t have SBI account

Syllabus -GS 2: Pressure groups & formal/informal associations and their role in the polity.

Analysis: –

  • Only 16% registered NGOs have active bank accounts with the State Bank of India’s main branch in Delhi, a compulsory requirement to receive foreign funds from April 1, according to submission made by a non-governmental organisation in the Delhi High Court on Wednesday.
  • An Assam-based NGO has also moved the Gauhati High Court against another amended provision of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) that makes Aadhaar mandatory for opening and operating the account in Delhi.
  • According to the amended provisions of the FCRA enacted in September 2020, the NGOs registered under the Act were asked to open a designated bank account at the SBI, Delhi and compulsorily register the Aadhaar details of the chief functionaries, trustees and office-bearers.
  • Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many NGOs could not complete the stringent paper work, making it impossible for foreign donors to send help during the second wave that has now spread to rural areas.
  • Many said that they did not fulfil the eligibility criteria as they did not possess an Aadhaar card as a “matter of principle”.

Mains Analysis

The science teaching and rationality India needs

Why in News?

The novel coronavirus crisis has fully revealed the price to be paid in the neglect of education and health

Syllabus–GS 2: Health and Education

  • COVID-19 has spread enormously and had its negative consequences on all the sections of the society.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in millions of infections, hundreds of thousands of deaths and major societal disruption due to lockdowns and other restrictions introduced to limit disease spread.
  • Relatively little attention has been paid to understanding how the pandemic has affected treatment, prevention and control of malaria, which is a major cause of death and disease and predominantly affects people in less well-resourced settings.

The disruption has long-lasting impacts:

  • India may lose the recent hard-earned gains against malaria, TB, HIV, and malnutrition achieved through malaria and TB elimination campaigns, NACP, and the POSHAN mission.
  • Resetting the priorities at the primary care level would be difficult with the overwhelming burden and fear of Covid-19. The overall economic impact of the disease is profound.
  • Diseases like malaria, which have already been suffering from funding gaps, would bear the brunt of resource siphoning by Covid-19.
  • The initial impact on the economy, shortage of infrastructure, testing kits, and PPEs compelled the Government to focus on these priorities.
  • Through the lockdown, most of the states revamped their capacity in testing and infrastructure to provide care.
  • These two evolutions were a triage process of prioritizing actions cross-cutting the system, without any particular focus on any other disease in the best interest of preventing deaths due to Covid-19.

Logic of avoidance

  • The standard textbook line of action is to spread kerosene on stagnant water to prevent malaria.
  • That is what municipal workers supposedly do, and that is what is taught in the lesson on the services that municipalities provide.
  • In most of the our education system, once a lesson has been delivered and the test based on it taken, there is no reason to recall its content in the later parts of the year, except for the final examination.
  • The argument provided by the author in the text is that instead of curing the real problem of unclean drinking water which cause diseases like jaundice, typhoid etc. the water purifying machines and antibiotics have taken place. The real problem of unsafe drinking water persists.

Reasons behind the Disruptions: –

  1. a) lockdown restrictions preventing home visits by frontline health workers;
  2. b) overwhelming and fear and stigma impacting care-seeking;
  3. c) lack of universal availability of PPEs at the frontline;
  4. d) impact on the supply chain; and
  5. e) hesitance of the community to seek treatment for common ailments.
  • The one thing that could have been better is addressing fever as a syndrome instead of a cardinal symptom of a single disease, Covid-19.
  • The Covid-19 testing and Covid-19-related awareness provided the opportunity to conduct more testing for malaria and other infectious diseases.
  • Besides, while spreading Covid-19-related awareness, the same channels and platforms could have been utilized to increase awareness of other febrile illnesses.


No public systems

  • The absence of public systems has proved costly both in health and in education.
  • Teaching of science is more about talking than doing since the introduction of it from independence. Thus this should be changed.
  • The idea that boiling purifies water remains a matter of giving the correct answer in the examination, rather than a belief based on evidence seen through a microscope.
  • This can hardly be described as a failure of education, because the seed of a capable public system was never sown, and, therefore, we could hardly expect a harvest.

COVID compulsion

  • If the mask, a bit like boiling water, prevents an invisible microbe from entering the human body, it is a matter of faith for someone who has no idea of the world of invisible pathogens.
  • Thus telling about the state of mindset about the disease.

The mask and the citizen

  • Over the last half century, some of the western countries have allowed science at school to decline.
  • New norms of public financing have undermined science teaching, robbing ordinary citizens of the intellectual resources they might have acquired during childhood.



Way Forward: –

  • India aims to eliminate malaria by 2030. This objective is attainable, according to Dr Altaf Lal, Senior Advisor for Global Health and Innovation, Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Limited, India.
  • There is significant reduction in cases of malaria in India over the past several years, which provides optimism that [the] elimination goal of 2030 is achievable.
  • But even as we innovate, we must remain vigilant in implementing existing health measures which can serve to mitigate malaria’s devastating effects.
  • As Weber told me, “if bednet campaigns don’t happen, there will be an immediate loss of life. Infected patients, especially children under five, will die in a matter of days.”
  • This is the second World Malaria Day to occur in COVID-19’s shadow, but to tackle one infectious disease at expense of addressing another is a grave error. Backsliding on years of progress in the fight against malaria will cost lives. It is imperative to remember that.
  • But science teaching alone cannot create miracles. For science to mean anything, a rational social environment is needed.
  • Moreover, for science to acquire meaning during school life, it is important that children grow up in an ethos where dissent and debate are encouraged.


  • It is obvious that the benefits of science and its teaching do not accrue when the democratic order, and the institutions on which it is based, are not in good health.

Question: –

India’s education system, which was already impoverished, suffered severe cutbacks under the repeated waves of lopsided economic reforms. Discuss.

What is Article 311 (2) under which Sachin Waze was dismissed without an enquiry?

Why in News?

After his arrest in connection with the Ambani terror case, Waze was dismissed from services under Article 311(2)(b) of the Constitution.

Syllabus– GS2: Role of Civil Services.

Background: –

  • Suspended assistant police inspector Sachin Waze, arrested by the NIA in the case of an explosives-laden SUV found near industrialist Mukesh Ambani’s house and the murder of businessman Mansukh Hiran, was on Tuesday dismissed from police service, an official said.
  • The order terminating Waze’s service was issued by Mumbai police commissioner Hemant Nagrale, said a spokesperson of the city police.

Article 311:

  • Article 311 of the Constitution and related sub-sections deal with “dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State on certain grounds.
  • It is meant to act as a safeguard for civil servants that give them a chance to respond to the charges in an enquiry to prevent arbitrary dismission.

What clause 2(b) of the 311 article says?

  • It is an exception to the safeguards provided in article 311.
  • It empowers the authority, to dismiss or remove or to reduce a rank of the person, without any enquiry if it satisfies that for some reason.

Safeguards under Article 311:

  • Article 311 says that no authority’s worker both of an all India service or a state authorities shall be dismissed or eliminated by an authority subordinate to the personal that appointed him/her.
  • Section 2 of the article says that no civil servant shall be dismissed or eliminated or diminished in rank besides after an inquiry in which s/he has been knowledgeable of the costs and given an inexpensive alternative of being heard in respect of these prices.
  • Section 1: No govt employee either of an all-India service or a state govt shall be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to the one that appointed him/her.
  • Section 2: No civil servant shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank except after an inquiry in which s/he has been informed of the charges & given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges.

What is the method of a departmental enquiry?

  • In a departmental enquiry, after an enquiry officer is appointed, the civil servant is given a proper chargesheet of the costs.
  • The civil servant can characterize himself/herself or select to have a lawyer.
  • Witnesses might be known as throughout the departmental enquiry following which the enquiry officer can put together a report and submit it to the federal government for additional motion.

Are there different exceptions the place an individual might be dismissed without departmental enquiry?

  • As per Article 311 subclause 2 provision a, if a authorities worker is convicted in a legal case, he might be dismissed without DE. Apart from this, under 311 (2) (c), a authorities worker might be dismissed when the President or the Governor, because the case could also be, is happy that within the curiosity of the safety of state it is not expedient to carry such an enquiry, the worker might be dismissed without DE.

Are 311 (2) sub sections used continuously?

  • They are invoked in distinctive circumstances. But the Jammu & Kashmir administration lately arrange a Special Task Force (STF) to “scrutinise cases of employees suspected of activities requiring action under article 311(2)(c).
  • The order dated April 21 further tasks the STF headed by ADG (CID) J&K to “compile records of such employees, wherever necessary and to the committee constituted by the government”.
  • Three authorities staff, together with two lecturers, have already been fired.
  • The transfer has been opposed by rights activists.

Departmental Enquiry Mechanism:

  • In this, the civil servant is served with a formal charge sheet after the inquiry officer is appointed.
  • S/He can be represented themself or choose to have a lawyer.
  • The inquiry officers after the process submit the report to the govt for further action.

Dismission without Departmental Enquiry:

  • Under the Article 311 sub clause 2 provision, govt employee convicted in criminal cases can be dismissed without departmental enquiry.
  • Under 311 (2)(c), S/He can be dismissed when the Prez/Governor is satisfied that in the interests of the security of state without any enquiry.

Usage of Article 311(2) sub-section:

  • It invoked in exceptional circumstances.
  • But recently J&K admin set up a Task Force to scrutinize cases of employees suspected of activities requiring action under article 311(2)(c).
  • The dismissed employee under these provisions can approach either State or Central Administrative Tribunal or the Courts.

Question: –

Critically evaluate the significance of Article 311 in safeguarding the civil servants.

Sale is Live

New Arrivals Magazines

Buy This Magazine at Just @50 Rs.

Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

Buy This Magazine at Just @30 Rs.

Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

Buy This Magazine at Just @30 Rs.

Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

Share With Your Friends

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on print

Leave a Reply