Mains Value Addition
When Aadhaar-related problems lead to denial of rations and benefits: what the data show
Vaccine diplomacy that needs specific clarifications
Opponents of Myanmar’s junta forces have set up an interim National Unity government on April 15. The members of Aung San Suu Ky’s ousted cabinet and major ethnic minority groups have formed the government. The National Unity Government is an upgrade from the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw(CRPH), which was established shortly after the coup by elected lawmakers who were denied access to the seats by the military.
A video was posted on social media that showed activist Min Ko Naing who announced the formation of the new government. He was a leader of the failed 1988 uprising against a previous military dictatorship and he after the coup went underground. He has apparently been active in political organizing against the Myanmar forces. He has urged the people to support the National Unity government for the future of citizens.
The Supreme Court recently asked the Centre to respond to allegations made in a PIL by a Dalit woman from Jharkhand that 3 crore ration cards have been cancelled in the country because of the insistence on Aadhaar linkage and biometric authentication, and that this has resulted in the denial of foodgrains to poor citizens, which in turn has caused starvation deaths including that of the petitioner’s 11-year-old daughter.
Syllabus– GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design &implementation.
Ever since Aadhaar-based biometric authentication was introduced in PDS, there have been numerous reports about people’s fingerprints not getting confirmed by the e-PoS device at the ration shop, iris scanners not being there as backup, and a poor Internet connection forcing people to spend on another trip to the shop. Our survey confirms this and puts a number to it.
Critically evaluate the implementation of Adhaar in various states. Explain the merits and demerits of the Adhaar project.
The term “vaccine diplomacy” is being used widely in the media and discussions about the global distribution of various Covid-19 vaccinations. One also hears commonly about “vaccine nationalism”. Is vaccine diplomacy meaningfully different from earlier practices of states to link foreign aid and loans to their diplomatic goals? Explain.