Mains Value Addition
The Chequered legacy of a Chief Justice of India
Lessons COVID Taught
Syllabus– GS 1: Population and associated issues; GS 3 Economy
Syllabus– GS 3: Economy, GS 2: SHG
Syllabus– GS 3: Environment
Why in News?
Recent developments in the Mumbai Police which resulted in the removal of Param Bir Singh from the Mumbai Police Commissioner’s post focus the spotlight once again on long overdue reforms needed in the process of appointing and removing police chiefs.
Syllabus– GS 2: Judiciary
Critical analysis of the ongoing issues: –
Issues with the administration of the Court:-
Challenging Cases: –
Examples of Court’s Recent Controversial Judgements:-
Criticism of former CJI Bobde:-
Way Forward: –
The Supreme Court should rebuild its legacy by asserting its judicial independence from the government and reclaiming its constitutional role as a citadel that establishes India’s constitutional values, guards its democracy, and protects human rights and dignity. Discuss.
Why in News: –After a year of COVID-19 pandemic, the resurgence of the 2nd wave of COVID triggering another round of lockdowns & reverse migration of informal workers questions our learning’s of past year experience.
Syllabus: – GS2: Issues related to Vulnerable & Public Policy. GS3: Issues related to Informal/Unorganised Sector.
State of Informal India:
Lessons from 2020:
Situation in Various states: –
Issues with Government Measures: –
Devote greater financial resources through a federal channel, led in cooperation with state governments of the worst affected states, in allowing them access to vaccines and drugs for all demographic groups.
Fiscal-support through an institutional mechanism – for instance, through the creation of a special purpose vehicle like a National Health Financing Corporation – is required to support stages of vaccine production; its distribution through a decentralised supply-chain process for all demographic groups, and a fund to provide money to those in the private sector who can produce vaccines in plentiful.
Far from investing in building healthcare infrastructural capacity, or brokering deals to tap unused manufacturing facilities, which the Biden administration did in the US, the Indian government remained excruciatingly slow to sign purchasing contracts with manufacturers.
It has been baffling to see how, even in the year of India’s worst economic crisis since independence, the government’s inability to provide adequate income support to the poor and those affected in the unorganised-informal segment has still remained shamelessly unaddressed in New Delhi’s policy making focus.
MGNREGA didn’t receive the kind of fiscal attention one would have expected in this budget. So has been the case with the inability to put in measures that can allow for job-creation possibilities in urban areas, where most workers struggle to find secured work.
Way Forward: –
Example to Quote: –
After returning to New Delhi in November from his village in India’s northern Uttar Pradesh state, Ashish Kumar found a job at a garment export factory, but he was laid off last month as his company did not get sufficient orders. His hopes of finding other employment receded as businesses slumped again amid a massive surge in infections.
Considering growing unemployment and the role of international travel in the initial spread of the pandemic, there is a risk of a backlash in public opinion against immigrants. Explain.