DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS (UPSC) |26 Jan 2021| RaghukulCS

Intranasal Covid-19 vaccine, BBV154

Context: An expert body looking into Bharat Biotech’s application for testing its proposed single-dose intranasal Covid-19 vaccine, BBV154, has asked it to revise its protocol to conduct clinical trials.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Science & technology

What is an intranasal vaccine?

  • Vaccines are most commonly administered as injectable shots into the tissue just between the skin and the muscles (subcutaneous) or muscles (intramuscular).
  • With the intranasal vaccine, the solution is squirted into the nostrils and inhaled instead of injecting.

What are the benefits of an intranasal vaccine during a pandemic?
·         Such vaccines overcome many barriers to administration and delivery that come with producing and distributing injectable vaccines.
·         They can tap an additional set of immune cells found in the tissues lining the nose, mouth and lungs.
·         Intranasal vaccines do away the need for syringes, needles and other components e.g. alcohol swabs.
·         Itdoes away needle-associated injuries and infections and it is easy to administer, as it also does not require very trained healthcare workers.
·         It also is easier to scale up manufacturing of these types of vaccine.

 

Competition Commission of India (CCI)

Context: Underscoring that the moniker of being the “lowest-priced telecom market in the world” for India is not without a trade-off, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) said any exit from the country’s telecom sector would mean a virtual duopoly and that “survival” was in the long-term interest of competition.

The CCI said high costs of spectrum acquisition and the demands of network upgradation had increased the industry debt burden.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Economy

What is CCI?

  • Competition Commission of India is Government of India’s statutory body.
  • It is responsible for implementing The Competition Act, 2002in India to prevent activities that have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India.
  • The Commission comprises a Chairperson and 2 to 6 members appointed by the Central Government.
  • Objectives:
    • To make the markets work for the benefit and welfare of consumers.
    • For faster and inclusive growth and development of the economy, it ensures fair and healthy competition in economic activities in the country.
    • It Implements competition policies with an aim for efficient utilization of economic resources.
    • Develop and nurture effective relations and interactions with various sectoral regulators to ensure smooth alignment of sectoral regulatory laws concerning the competition law.
    • To establish and nurture competition culture in Indian economy it carries out competition advocacy and spread the information on benefits of competition among all stakeholders.

Important news in short

  • Indian and Chinese troops clashed at Naku La in north Sikkim last week, in what the Army termed a “minor faceoff”, resulting in some minor injuries on both sides, it has been learnt.
  • The Supreme Court on Monday dismissed a plea by the Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy government against the Andhra State Election Commission’s decision to conduct gram panchayat election samid COVID­19 vaccination drive, saying “elections have been held in this country in far more difficult times”.
    • “Ego problem between two authorities is leading to lawlessness. We cannot allow lawlessness. How can resolutions be passed against State Election Commissioner N. Ramesh Kumar,” Justic e Sanjay Kishan Kaul, heading the Bench asked.
  • The Centre on Monday told the Delhi High Court that the differential treatment by WhatsApp of Indian users compared with their European counterparts concerning its privacy policy was a “cause for concern for the government”.
  • Indian billionaires increased their wealth by 35% to ₹3 trillion during the lockdown, ranking them behind their counter parts in U.S., China, Germany, Russia and France, says the “Inequality Virus Report” brought out by Oxfam, a non­profit organisation.
  • The Reserve Bank of India’s(RBI) recent discussion paper proposing tighter regulations for non­bank finance companies (NBFCs), if implemented, would result in the companies becoming more resilient to credits hocks. However, the proposals do not address NBFCs’ funding and liquidity, the key credit weakness of the sector, Moody’s Investors Service said in a report.

Content related to Ethics (GS-4) in today’s newspaper

  • Behror MLA Baljeet Yadav and six others have been booked in connection with an alleged attack on the son of a BJP leader in Alwar district of Rajasthan, police said on Monday. (Public representative should influence people to be responsible but these acts are of bad influence)
  • A woman reportedly bludgeoned her two daughters to death at their residence at Madanapalle in Andhra Pradesh’s Chittoor district on Sunday night.
    • The circumstances under which the murder took place pointed to possible occult practices by the family, the police said. They are also looking into a possible property dispute angle. (Role of Family Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.| need fo thoughts of reformer | case study)
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