DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS (UPSC) |28 Jan 2021| RaghukulCS

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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS (UPSC) |28 Jan 2021| RaghukulCS

Minimum support price | Cabinet committee on economic affairs

Context: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on Wednesday approved an increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for copra, Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar said.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Economy

What is MSP & how it is determined?

  • The minimum support price (MSP) is an agricultural product priceto purchase directly from the farmer set by the Government of India.
  • The Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Government of India, declares Minimum Support Prices (MSP) based on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices.
  • A2+FL method is used to calculate the MSP.
  • According to this method MSP is set 50% higher than the amount that derives from adding the amount farmer spend on farming including spending on seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, and labour and the value of labour provided by the family members for agriculture.

What is CCEA?

  • CCEA is considered as extra-constitutional, Itis not a constitutional body.
  • The members in CCEA work on the matters which come under the ambit of the economic field.
  • It has the mandate to formulate, analyse and review the activities concerned with economic policies stretches out expansively.
  • The work ranges from a grass-rooted level to foreign investments that require policymaking at a high level.
  • CCEA was made to reduce the workload from the departments dealing with economic policies.
  • It is meant to smoothen the functioning and provide for an in-depth examination and analysis of policies.
  • It keeps a regular check on the prices of agricultural products.
  • The activities related to small and marginal farmers that may give an impetus to the rural development are looked upon by this.

Religion, Religious sentiments and the Indian laws

Context: The Supreme Court Wednesday declined to grant interim protection from arrest to the makers of the Amazon web series Tandav, who are facing charges of hurting religious sentiments, but agreed to consider their plea for clubbing of FIRs registered in different states.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Polity

Religion, Religious sentiments and the Indian laws:

  • Article 25(1) – “Subject to public order, morality and health and the other provisions of this Part, all persons are impartially entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion”.
  • Article 19 – It gives all citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression but subject to “reasonable restrictions” for preserving “public order, decency or morality”.
  • Article 28 – It restricts any religious instruction in any educational institution wholly maintained out of state funds.
  • Section 153(A) of IPC
    • Whoever –
      • (a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred and ill-will between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, or
      • (b) commits any act which is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, and which disturbs the public tranquillity,will be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
    • Section 295(A) of IPC
      • Whoever, with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of citizens of India, by words, insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, will be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to [three years], or with fine, or with both.

Mutation of virus

Context:There is an explained series on virus & its mutation

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Science & technology

Why do viruses mutate?

  • Like all living species, viruses carry a genetic code in the form of nucleic acids — either DNA or RNA.
  • When cells multiply, the DNA within them multiply as well, to make copies for the new cells. During this replication, random errors are introduced into the new DNA, much like spelling errors when we write.
  • Just as we can spell-check, our cells carry enzymes to ‘proofread’ and correct these mistakes and errors to maintain the fidelity of our genetic material.
  • The errors in DNA virus genomes can be corrected by the error-correcting function of cells in which they replicate, Butthere are no enzymes in cells to correct RNA errors. Therefore, RNA viruses accumulate more genetic changesthan DNA viruses, also called mutations.
  • The mutations can be synonymous (silent) or non-synonymous (non-silent); the latter make changes in an amino acid (protein building block) at that position in the coded protein.

Important news in short

  • The Supreme Court stayed a recent controversial Bombay High Court verdict, which acquitted a man found guilty of assault under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act because he groped his victim over her clothes and there was no “skin to skin” contact between them.
  • whenever a girl is born, It’s celebration time in Haridaspur, a remote village in Telangana.
    • What’s more, all-girl children in the village located in KondapurMandal of Sangareddy district are going to have accounts of SukanyaSamriddiYojana (SSY), a savings scheme that is being implemented by the Union government.
  • Maharashtra CMUddhav Thackeray said the disputed border area between Maharashtra and Karnataka should be made a Union Territory until the matter is heard by the Supreme Court. This sparked off a strong reaction in Karnataka.
  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday questioned the government about the delay inclearing Collegium recommendations for judicial appointments to various HighCourts. A Bench of Chief Justice asked theCentre if there was a timeline for government clearance of suchrecommendations.
  • Russia backed a Palestinian proposalfor a West Asia peace conference, suggesting that it could beheld at the ministerial level in springor summer, as the U.S. said it wouldmove towards renewing ties with thePalestinians under Joe Biden.
  • A WORLD Bankstudyonairpollution in three major cities —Delhi,BeijingandMexicoCity—has found that the key to policyandbehaviourchangetoimproveair quality depended on:
    • high-quality information to generate popular support for pollution mitigation;
    • a strong incentiveprogramme to ensure the implementation of measures to curb pollution;
    • for institutions to work together to create air pollution management strategies.

Content related to Ethics (GS-4) in today’s newspaper

  • The Andhra Pradesh government has “objected” to the censure notices issued by State Election Commissioner N. Ramesh Kumar to two senior IAS officials over preparations for the local body elections. SEC says they did not update rolls and failed in discharging their duties (Probity in Governance | Codes of Conduct | Case study)
  • In France, six non-governmental organizations launched a class-action lawsuit against the French government for alleged systemic discrimination by police officers carrying out identity checks.
    • The organizations, including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, contend that French police use racial profiling in ID checks, targeting Black people and people of Arab descent. (Racial discrimination)

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