DAILY PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS (UPSC) |07 Dec 2020| RaghukulCS

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DAILY PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS (UPSC) |07 Dec 2020| RaghukulCS

UPSC Online News Analysis


News-1

Context: Tourists can no longer get too close to the iconic stone chariot in front of the Vijaya Vittala Temple at Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Art & culture

Information about: Vijaya Vittala Temple, Hampi:

  • The temple is located in the north eastern part of Hampi, near the banks of the Tungabhadra River.
  • The renowned Vittala Temple dates back to the 15th century.
  • It was built during the reign of King Devaraya II (1422 – 1446 A.D.), one of the rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • Several portions of the temple were expanded and enhanced during the reign of Krishnadevaraya (1509 – 1529 A.D.), the most famous ruler of the Vijayanagara dynasty.
  • He played a significant role in giving the monument its present look.
  • It is dedicated to Lord Vitthala, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. An idol of Vitthala-Vishnu was enshrined in the temple.
  • The Vittala temple is built in the Dravidian style of architecture.
  • The Vittala Temple Complex has the richly sculpted Stone Chariot, which is considered to be the most stunning architecture of the Vijayanagara kingdom.
  • The Stone Chariot or Ratha stands in the courtyard of temple. It is one of the three famous stone chariots in India. The other two chariots are situated in Konark (Odissa) and Mahabalipuram (Tamil Nadu).
  • The Stone Chariot of Vittala Temple is actually a shrine that has been designed in the shape of an ornamental chariot. The shrine is dedicated to Garuda and had an image of Garuda enshrined into the sanctum. As per Hindu mythology, Garuda is the carrier of Lord Vishnu.
  • The large mantapa is renowned for its 56 musical pillars. These musical pillars are also known as SAREGAMA pillars, indicating the musical notes emitted by them.
  • The musical notes and emanated when the pillars are tapped gently.

News-2

Context: Jupiter, Saturn head for closest visible alignment in 800 years.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Science & technology

What is great conjunction?

  • It is a conjunction of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, when the two planets appear closest together in the sky. Conjunctions occur every 19.6 years, on average, when Jupiter ‘overtakes’ Saturn in the sky due to the combined effect of Jupiter’s approximately 11.9-year orbital period and Saturn’s 29.5-year orbital period.

News-3

Context: The government has launched the Quarterly Return filing & Monthly Payment of Taxes (QRMP) scheme for small taxpayers under the GST system.

Topic in the syllabus: Prelims – Schemes

What is the eligibility?

  • Taxpayers who have aggregate annual turnover of up to Rs 5 crore in the preceding financial year and have filed their October GSTR-3B (sales) return by November 30, 2020 are eligible for this scheme.

What is Quarterly Return filing & Monthly Payment of Taxes (QRMP) scheme?

  • The QRMP scheme allows the taxpayers to file GST return on a quarterly basis and pay tax every month.

Example related to Ethics (GS-4)

  • Pune-based Rita Kumbhar (32) and her family, which belongs to the Kanjarbhat community, were “boycotted” for a period of one year after her mother Nanda had refused to let the community’s ‘jaat panchayat’ resolve their property dispute. (Social boycott is an unethical practice therefore Case Study can be asked on such topics)
  • THERE IS a massive churn at the cricket county of Yorkshire which is facing charges of institutional racism. Yorkshire cricketer and former England U-19 captain Azeem Rafiq’s allegations that
    relentless racist taunts at the club had almost driven him to attempt suicide.( Role of Family,Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.)

News in short:

  • Rat ­hole coal mining had sucked the life out of Moolamylliang less than a decade ago. The village in the East Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya has now risen like the proverbial phoenix to become a clean, green dot in a vast black blot. (Successful example of environment conservation efforts)
  • The Navy is looking to combine its tender to buy multirole carrier ­based fighter jets along with the Indian Air Force tender for 114 fighters that is under way. The idea follows a decision to cut down the number of jets to be procured as the Defence Research and Development Organisation has
    proposed indigenous development of aircraft.
  • Citing the rise in exports of Ayurveda ­related products since the beginning of the COVID­19 pandemic, the government has decided to set up an export promotion council for AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) products.
    • The Ministries of Finance, Commerce and Industry, and AYUSH will work together to facilitate more exports of such products, by standardising their HS (Harmonised System) codes for global trade.
  • The Madhya Pradesh government is preparing to deal with a likely surge in children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), by chalking out a strategy to cater to 1 lakh such children by
    emphasising community ­led efforts to overcome shortcomings in health infrastructure, a government official said. (Community led development)
  • The administration in Uttarakhand’s Nainital district has built on an existing ‘doli’ (palanquin) service for pregnant women to facilitate institutional deliveries in villages in hilly areas which have poor road connectivity to hospitals. This service will help women when they go into labour as well as for their antenatal check-ups. (Good initiative but it is a result poor development)
  • AN ADDITIONAL 207 million people could be pushed into extreme poverty by 2030 due to
    the severe long-term impact of the coronavirus pandemic, bringing the total number of the world’s extremely poor to more than a billion, a new study from the UN Development Programme(UNDP) has found. (data can be used in answers)
  • Inequality in India (data for answers)

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