Saksham Portal 2
Seaweeds Mission. 2
POCSO Act, 2012: 2
Information Technology Act, 2000: 3
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. 3
TROPEX 21. 4
News in Short. 4
Equalization Levy: 4
Koch Rajbangshi Community. 4
Unani System of Medicine: 4
Why in News?
TIFAC has launched Seaweed Mission.
- They are the primitive, marine non-flowering marine algae without root, stem and leaves, play a major role in marine ecosystems.
- Large seaweeds form dense underwater forests known as kelp forests, which act as underwater nurseries for fish, snails and sea urchins.
- Seaweeds, are found mostly in the intertidal region, in shallow and deepwaters of the sea and also in estuaries and backwaters.
- The southern Gulf of Mannar’s rocky intertidal and lower intertidal regions have rich populations of several seaweed species.
Ecological Importance of Seaweeds:
- Seaweeds trap and remove excess amount of iron and other metals including heavy metals in the ocean water.
- The seaweeds derive nutrition through photosynthesis of sunlight and nutrients present in seawater. They release oxygen through every part of their bodies.
- They also supply organic nutrients to other marine life forms.
- Ocean afforestation: Seaweed has a significant role in mitigating climate change. It can sequester much Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Hence, there is a proposal termed as ‘Ocean afforestation’ for farming seaweed to remove carbon.
Other uses: Seaweeds absorb the excessnutrients and balance out the ecosystem,when waste from agriculture, industries, aquaculture and households cause nutrient imbalance leading to algal blooming in the ocean.
- They can be used as fertilizers.
- When livestock is fed with seaweed, methane emission from cattle may be reduced substantially.
- They can be buried in beach dunes to combat beach erosion.
- It is used as an ingredient in preparing toothpaste, cosmetics and paints.
Why in News?
The Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) has launched SAKSHAM (Shramik Shakti Manch) Job Portal.
- Saksham is a dynamic portal for jobs/mapping the skills of Shramiks (workers) vis-a-vis requirements of MSMEs and other industries all across the country. It is an all-India
- The portal with the demand and supply data uses algorithm and Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools, for geo spatial information on demand and availability of Shramiks, and also provides analysis on skill training programmes of Shramiks.
- The data/information pertaining to the Shramiks and the industries (especially MSME) are being updated automatically through various whatsapp and other links.
Why in News?
TIFAC has alsolaunched Seaweed Mission.
About Seaweed Mission:
- It has been launched for commercial farming of seaweeds and its processing for value addition towards boosting the national economy.
- It envisages following activities of establishing:
- Modeldemonstration farms of seaweeds in nearshore and onshore along the Indian coast.
- Seaweed nurseries for supplying seed material.
Advantages of Commercial Seaweed Farming:
- Provide employment to 50 million people.
- Enhance ocean productivity.
- Abate algal blooms.
- Sequester millions of tons CO2.
- Could produce billions of litres of bioethanol.
POCSO Act, 2012:
Why in News?
The Kerala High Court onThursday allowed the medical termination of a youngrape survivor’s pregnancythat had crossed the legallypermissible period for theprocedure under POCSO Act.
Key features of the POCSO Act:
- “Children” according to the Act are individuals aged below 18 years.
- The Act is gender neutral.
- Different forms of sexual abuse include sexual harassment, pornography, penetrative & non-penetrative assault are defined in the Act.
- Sexual assault is deemed to be “aggravated” under certain circumstances such as when the child is mentally ill or if the abuse is committed by the person in a position of trust such as a doctor, teacher, policeman, family member.
- Adequate provisions are made to avoid re-victimization of the Child at the hands of the judicial system.
- The Act assigns a policeman in the role of child protector during the investigation process.
- The case has to be disposed of within one year from the date of reporting of the offence.
- The Act provides for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and matters related to it.
To monitor the implementation of the Act, the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and State Commissions for the Protection of Child Rights (SCPCRs) have been made the
- designated authority (Both are statutory bodies).
Information Technology Act, 2000:
Why in News?
The Centre has issued notice to Twitter under IT Act,2000to block more than a thousand accounts for alleged spread of provocative content and misinformation on the farmers’ protest.
About IT Act, 2000:
- In India, the Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000, governs all activities related to the use of computer resources.
- It covers all ‘intermediaries’ who play a role in the use of computer resources and electronic records.
- Section 69 of the IT Act confers on the Central and State governments the power to issue directions “to intercept, monitor or decrypt any information generated, transmitted, received or stored in any computer resource”.
- The grounds on which these powers may be exercised are:
- In the interest of the sovereignty or integrity of India, defence of India, the security of the state.
- Friendly relations with foreign states.
- Public order, or for preventing incitement to the commission of any cognizable offence relating to these.
- For investigating any offence.
- The act, for similar reasons and grounds (as stated above), enables the Centre to ask any agency of the government, or any intermediary, to block access to the public of any information generated, transmitted, received or stored or hosted on any computer resource.
- Any such request for blocking access must be based on reasons given in writing.
The term ‘intermediaries’ includes providers of telecom service, network
- service, Internet service and web hosting, besides search engines, online payment and auction sites, online marketplaces and cyber cafes.
- It includes any person who, on behalf of another, “receives, stores or transmits” any electronic record. Social media platforms would fall under this definition.
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016
Why in News?
Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) directed the Central government to frame proper guidelines to regulate and facilitate grant of a facility of a scribe to persons with disability in writing exams.
About the Act: