Daily Prelims Newsletter(UPSC)|12 May 2021 | RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

12 May 2021

Table Of Contents

Environment
  • Alphonso Mango 
Governmental Initiatives 
  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture 
  • Jal Jeevan Mission
International Relations 
  • G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’ 
Places in News 
  • Puducherry 

Environment

Alphonso Mango

Why in News?

Recently, Innoterra Tech, a Swiss-Indian food and technology platform company, has come up with an innovation under which each Alphonso mango will be attached with a GI tag stickerto maintain its standards in the global market.

About Alphonso Mango:

  • Also known as “The king of Indian mangoes”, the Alphonso mango from Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and adjoining areas in Maharashtra, acquired the GI tag status in 2018.
  • It is grown across the 200-kilometre-long Konkan coastlineparticularly in Devgad and Ratnagiri.

About GI (Geographical Indication) Tags:

  • It is an indication that the product has a specific geographical origin, and it possess qualities or reputation due to that origin.
  • Such a name also conveys an assurance of quality and distinct properties which is attributable to its origin in thesaid geographical locality.
  • For any product to get GI tag, it needs to be either produced or processed or prepared in that region.
  • GI are distinct from other forms of Intellectual Property (IP) like patents, trademarks and copyrights since the ownership rights in this case lies with the “community” or a “group of people” rather than an individual or corporate with other IPRs.
  • India enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999, in accordance with provisions of WTO.
  • The GI Act, 1999 aims to provide registration and protection of GI goods in India.

Related Information: Other Mango varieties with GI Tags:

  • Malihabadi Dashehari from Uttar Pradesh,
  • Banaganapalle from Andhra Pradesh,
  • Appemidi from Karnataka,
  • Fazli, Himsagar and Laxman Bhog from West Bengal,
  • Jardalu from Bihar and
  • Gir Kesar from Gujarat

Governmental Initiatives

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture

Why in News?

Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH).

About MIDH:

  • It aims for the holistic growth and development of the Indian horticulture sector.
  • It is aCentrally Sponsored scheme covering vegetables, fruits, roots and tuber crops, aromatic plants,bamboo, coconut, flowers, spices, cashew and cocoa.
  • MIDH is under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
  • It also provides technical support and advice to
    • state horticultural missions,
    • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY),
    • Saffron Mission, and
    • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
  • Sub Schemes under MIDH:
    • National Horticulture Mission
    • Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States
    • National Bamboo Mission
    • National Horticulture Board
    • Coconut Development Board
    • Central Institute for Horticulture

About Horticulture:

What is Horticulture?

  • It is a branch of agriculture concerned with intensively cultured plants used by man for either food, medicinal purposes or aesthetic gratification.
  • For example, vegetables, fruits, flowers, herbs, ornamental or exotic plants.
  • H. Marigowda is considered as the Father of Indian Horticulture.

Jal Jeevan Mission

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture

Why in News?

The UT of Puducherry has become the fourth State/UT to provide tap water supply to every rural home under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).

About JJM:

  • Itaims to supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • Under Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • It is centrally sponsored scheme.
  • It looks to create a jan andolan for water, to make it everyone’s priority.

Key Programmes to be undertaken:

  • Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, etc to be undertaken in convergence with other government programmes.
  • Prioritizing FHTCs in affected areas, like villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Providing FHTCs to Schools, Anganwadi centres,Health centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, wellness centres and community buildings.
  • About Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban):Use of technological interventions to remove contaminants where water quality is an issue.
    • It was launched by the Budget 2021-22.
    • JJM (Urban) is under theMinistry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
    • It aims to provide universal coverage of water supply to all households through functional taps in all statutory towns.
    • It will be a steptowards Sustainable Development Goal- 6 i.e., clean water and sanitation.

    Key Objectives of JJM(Urban):

    • Securing tap and sewer connections.
    • Rejuvenation of existing water bodies.
    • Creating a circular water economy.

    International Relations

    G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’

    Why in News?

    PM Modi’s visit to U.K. for G7 meeting is cancelled due to COVID-19 crisis.

    About G7:

    • It is an intergovernmental organisation formed in 1975.
    • It meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
    • The group doesn’t have a formal constitution or a fixed headquarters.
    • The decisions taken by the leaders during annual summits are non-binding on the member countries.
    • Members: G7 is a bloc of industrialized democracies i.e. France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and Canada.
    • In 1997, G7 was joined by Russia and it was renamed as G8.
    • However, the group came to be recalled G7, since Russia was expelled as a member in 2014 following Russia’s annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine.
    • Apart from leaders of member countries, important international organizations like European Union, IMF, World Bank and the United Nations are also invited to its summits.

      Places in News

      Puducherry

      • The territory of Puducherry comprises of the former French establishment i.e.,
        • Puducherry,
        • Karaikal,
        • Mahe
        • Yanam, as indicated in the image.
      • Puducherry, the capital of the territory.
      • It merged with the Indian Union on 1st November 1954.

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