Daily Prelims Newsletter(UPSC)|16 JUN 2021 | RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

16 June 2021-Wednesday

Table Of Contents

Environment

  • Asiatic Lions 

Economy

  • National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013

Art and Culture 

  • Tulu Language

International Relations 

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 

Places in News 

  • Dagmara Hydro-Electric Project

News in Short 

  • New Shephard 

Environment

Asiatic Lions

Why in News?

The eight Asiatic lions at Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad who weretested positive for the coronavirus have recovered.

About Asiatic Lion:

  • The Asiatic Lion is a member of the Panthera Leo, subspecies which is restricted to India.
  • Previously it was also found in West Asia and the Middle East but got extinct in these regions.
  • Asiatic lions are slightly smaller in size than African lions.
  • The most important morphological character, seen in Asiatic lions, and rarely in African lions, is a longitudinal fold of skin running along its belly.

Distribution in India:

  • Asiatic lions were once found in West Bengal and Rewa in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Presently, Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the only abode of the Asiatic lion.

Protection Status:

  • IUCN Red List: Endangered
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: Schedule I

    Economy

    National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013

    Why in News?

    GoI informed the Supreme Court that the States and UTs have purchased nearly 3.7 lakh tonnes of food-grains at concessional rates from the FCI this year to supply to migrants without ration cards and others outside the protective cover of the NFSA.

    About NFSA:

    • It aims to provide food and nutritional security by ensuring access to adequate quantities of quality food at affordable prices to people.
    • Coverage:
      • 75% of the rural population
      • Upto 50% of the urban population

    for receiving subsidized foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).

    • Overall, NFSA caters to 67% of the total population of India.
    • Eligibility:
    • Priority Households to be covered under TPDS, according to State government’s guidelines.
    • Households that are covered under existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY).
    • It includes provisions for
      • existing AAY households,
      • pregnant women and lactating mothers
      • children upto 14 years of age, etc

    Art and Culture

    Tulu Language

    Why in News?

    The Tulu speakers, mostly based in Karnataka and Kerala, areraising voices to seek official language status to Tulu language and include it in the eighth schedule to the Constitution.

    About Tulu Language:

    • It is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in :
      • Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka, and
      • Kasaragod district of Kerala.
    • This region is informally called as Tulu Nadu.
    •  The oldest available inscriptions in Tulu language are from the period between 14th to 15th century AD.

      Tulu Art and Culture:

      • Tulu has a rich oral literature tradition with folk-song forms like “Paddana”, and folk theatre “Yakshagana”.

      Related Information:

      Official Language or Languages of a State:

      • Part XVII of the Constitution of India deals with the official language in Articles 343 to 351.
      • Article 345 of the Constitution states “the Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State”.

      International Relations

      North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

      Why in News?

      NATO Summit was recently held in Brussels bringing together the leaders of all 30 Allied nations.

      About NATO:

      • It is an intergovernmental military
      • It was established by Washington treaty in 1949.
      • Headquarters — Brussels, Belgium.
      • NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.
      • Presently it has 30 members and the most recent addition being North Macedonia in 2020.
      • NATO’s membership is open to any European state in a position to further the principles of Washington Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area.

      Places in News

      Dagmara Hydro-Electric Project

      Why in News?

      Recently, a MoUwas signed between National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC) Limited and Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited (BSHPC) to implementDagmara Hydro-Electric Project in Supaul, Bihar.

      About the Project:

      • The project is located on Kosi river.
      • It is a Run-of-the-Rivere., use the natural downward flow of rivers and micro turbine generators to capture the kinetic energy of the water.
      • Typically, water is taken from the river at a high point, diverted to a channel, pipeline, or pressurised pipeline.

       

      About Kosi River:

      • Kosi is a trans-boundary river flowing through Tibet, Nepal and India.
      • It’s source lies in Tibet, then drains a large part of Nepal before emerging onto the Gangetic plains.
      • The river crosses into northern Bihar, India where it branches into many distributaries before joining the Ganges near Kursela in Katihar district.
      • It is known for:
        • Frequent course changes
        • Heavy siltationis carried by the river during the monsoon season,
        • Frequent flooding in Bihar.
      • The Kosi carries the most amount of silt and sand after the Brahmaputra in India.
      • It is also known as the “Sorrow of Bihar” as the annual floods affect large agricultural lands thereby disturbing the rural economy.

      About NHPC:

      • It is a Category-A Miniratna Company in the field of Hydropower,under the Ministry of Power.
      • It is the largest organisation for hydropower development in India, having 24 operational power stations in India.

      News in Short

      New Shephard

      Why in News?

      Recently, Blue Origin company concluded the online auction for the first seat on New Shephard, a rocket system meant to take tourists to space.

      Its first human flight is scheduled on 20thJuly, 2021, which also marks the 52nd anniversary of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin’s moon landing.

      About New Shephard:

      • New Shephard is named after astronaut Alan Shephard(the first American to go to space) and offers flights to space over 100 km above the Earth including accommodation for payloads.
      • It is a rocket system designed to take astronauts and research payloads past the Karman line.
      • The core idea is to provide easier and more cost-effective access to space meant for purposes like academic research, corporate technology development and entrepreneurial ventures among others.
      • It will allow space tourists to experience microgravity by taking them about 100 km above the Earth.
        • Microgravity is a condition in which people or objects appear to be weightless. The effects of microgravity is observed when astronauts and objects float in space.

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