Daily Prelims Newsletter(UPSC)|18 JUN 2021 | RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

18 June 2021-Friday

Table Of Contents

Science and Technology 

  • Tuberculosis (TB)

Polity and Governance 

  • Public Accounts Committee (PAC)

Governmental Initiatives 

  • Mid-Day Meal Scheme 

International Relations 

  • Asian Development Bank (ADB) 

News in Short 

  • Southern Ocean 

Science and Technology

Tuberculosis (TB)

Why in News?

A virtual event on Global Drive to Scale up TB Prevention was recently organized by WHO Global Tuberculosis Programme.

About TB:

  • TB is a bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that most often affect the lungs.
  • TB is spread from person to person through the air via cough, sneeze, or spit, as these propel the TB germs into the air.
  • Symptoms: Cough with sputum and blood at times, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats.
  • TB is a treatable and curable disease.
  • Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of TB caused by bacteria that do not respond to first-line TB drugs isoniazid and rifampicin. It is treatable and curable by using second-line
  • Drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is a more serious form of MDR-TB caused by bacteria that do not even respond to the most effective second-line anti-TB drugs. This is often untreatable.

Initiatives by India on this front

  • The Nikshay Portal: It is a national TB information system to manage information of patients, and treatment.
  • NikshayPoshan Yojana (NPY): Aims to provide financial support to TB patients for their nutrition.
  • TB HaregaDeshJeetega Campaign: Launched in 2019 it showcases the highest level of commitment to eliminate TB.
  • The Saksham Project bythe Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)- provides psycho-social counselling to DR-TB patients.

Governmental Initiatives

Mid-Day Meal Scheme

Why in News?

CBIC recently clarified that no GST is applicable on the serving of food in schools, pre-schools including Anganwadis under Mid-Day Meals Scheme.

About the Mid-Day meal scheme:

  • MDM Scheme guarantees one meal to all the children in government and other aided schools and madarsas supported under Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan.
  • These students are guaranteed one nutritional cooked meal at least 200 days in a year.
  • It is under the Ministry of Education.
  • It was launched in the 1995 as the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education, a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • In 2004, the scheme was relaunched as the MDM Scheme.
  • The Scheme is also covered under the National Food Security Act, 2013.
  • Objective:
    • Address hunger and malnutrition,
    • increase enrolment and attendance in school,
    • improve socialisation among castes,
    • provide employment at grassroot level especially to women.
  • The MDM rules 2015, states that the place of serving meals to the children shall be school only.
  • Nutritional norms:

International Relations

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Why in News?

Recently, the ADB and the GoI signed a $484 million loan to improve transport connectivity and facilitate industrial development in the Chennai – Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor (CKIC)

About Asian Development Bank:

  • It is a regional development bank established in 1966. India was alsoe its founding member.
  • Presently, it has 68 members, out of which 49 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside of this region.
  • Its objective is to promote social and economic development in Asia and the Pacific.
  • ADB’s five largest shareholders:
    • Japan- 15.6%
    • USA- 15.6%
    • People’s Republic of China- 6.4%,
    • India- 6.3%,
    • Australia- 5.8%.
  • Headquarters: Manila, Philippines.
  • It has observer status in United Nations.
  • The voting rights is closely modelled on the World Bank and has similar weighted voting system wherein the votes are distributed in proportion to members’ capital subscriptions.

Related Information: Industrial Corridors Scheme

  • An industrial corridor is an economic ecosystem built around a transportation corridor which connects two major economic centres.
  • Apart from the transportation corridor, an industrial corridor alsocontain clusters of industrial production serving regional and global demand, and urban centrespromoting equitable development.
  • In 2019, the GoI approved the development of the five industrial corridor projects, being implemented through National Industrial Corridor Development and Implementation Trust (NICDIT).
  • NICDIT is under the administrative control of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), MoC&I.

Five Industrial Corridor Projects approved:

  • Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC).
  • Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC).
  • Chennai Bangalore Industrial Corridor (CBIC).
  • East Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC) with Vizag Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC).
  • Bangalore Mumbai Industrial Corridor (BMIC).

News in Short

Southern Ocean

Recently, the National Geographic magazine has recognised the Southern Ocean as the world’s fifth ocean.

Other four Oceans are: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic Ocean.

About Southern Ocean:

  • Most of the waters surrounding Antarctica out to 60 degrees southern latitude, excluding the Drake Passage and Scotia Sea, constitute the newly acknowledged Southern Ocean.
  • It is the only ocean to touch other threeoceans (Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean) and to completely embrace a continent rather than being embraced by them.

  • It is also defined by its Antarctic Circumpolar Currentwhich was formed about 34 million years ago. The current flows from west to east direction around Antarctica.

 

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