DAILY PRELIMS NEWSLETTER (UPSC) |18 Mar 2021| RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

18 March 2021

Table Of Contents

Environment…………………………………………………. 1
  • Removal of Heavy Metals from Water ………….. 1
Economy ………………………………………………………. 1
  • Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 ………… 1
Policy and Governance ………………………………….. 2
  • Anti-Defection Law: …………………………………………. 2
Art and Culture ……………………………………………… 3
  • Bhaona: ……………………………………………………………… 3
News in Short ……………………………………………….. 3
  • World Energy Transitions Outlook Report …….. 3

Environment

Removal of Heavy Metals from Water

Why in News?

Recently, a research team at the IIT Mandi has developed an efficient method for removal of heavy metals from water.

About the research:

The researchers have used a process called solution blowing and melt blowing.

Related Information: Heavy Metals

  • Heavy metal have a relatively high density (> 5 g/cm 3) and is toxic even at low concentrations.
  • Examples: mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), thallium (Tl), and lead (Pb)

Sources of Heavy Metals:

  • Natural Sources: Like volcanic eruptions, weathering of rocks, leaching into rivers, lakes and oceans due to action of water.
  • Anthropogenic Sources: Activities like mining, manufacturing, electroplating, electronics, discharge from auto exhaust, domestic waste, agricultural waste, fertilizer production, etc

Heavy Metals and Human health:

  • Some essential heavy metals are required by human body in trace amounts like Cobalt, copper, zinc, and manganese but in the excessive amount, it can also be detrimental to health.
  • The heavy metals which normally contaminate our drinking water like lead, mercury, arsenic, and cadmium have can cause severe health issues.

Economy

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Why in News?

Recently, Supreme Court (SC) in its judgement has closed the back-door entry of defaulting promoters who used a special provision of compromise during the liquidation phase of the insolvency proceeding under IBC, 2016.

About IBC, 2016:

  • It provides a time-bound process for resolving insolvency in companies as well as among individuals.
  • It covers: individuals, companies, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs).

Adjudicating Authority:

  • National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) for companies and LLPs.
  • Debt Recovery Tribunal (DRT) for individuals and partnership firms.

Related Information: National Company Law Appellate Tribunal

  • The NCLAT was constituted under Companies Act, 2013.
  • It hears appeals against the orders of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
  • It is a quasi-judicial body.
  • It is also the appellate tribunal for orders passed by the NCLT(s) under IBC, 2016, and for orders passed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) under the IBC.
  • Any person aggrieved by the order of the NCLAT may file an appeal to the SC.

Policy and Governance

Anti-Defection Law:

Why in News?

A nominated member in Rajya Sabha has resigned from the house and is contesting West Bengal Assembly Elections from a political party.

About Anti Defection Law:

  • The Tenth Schedule or Anti Defection Law was inserted in the Constitution in 1985 by the 52nd Amendment Act.
  • It lays down the process by which legislators are to be disqualified on grounds of defection.
  • The disqualification is done by the Presiding Officer of the legislature based on a petition by any member of the House.
  • The law is equally applicable to both Parliament and state assemblies.

Grounds for disqualification:

  • If a member belonging to a political party:
  • Voluntarily gives up the membership of his political party, or
  • Votes, or does not vote in the house, contrary to the directions of his political party. (If the member is condoned by the party within 15 days from such voting or abstention, the member shall not be disqualified on this ground.
  • If an independent candidate joins a political party after the election.
  • If a nominated member joins a political party six months prior to becoming the member of the house.
  • However, the legislators may change their political party without the risk of disqualification in some circumstances like:
  • A political party is allowed to merge with or into another party provided that at least two-thirds of its legislators are in favour of the merger.

According to a judgement of Supreme Court:

  • The decision of the Presiding Officer is subject to judicial review.
  • There may not be any judicial intervention until the Presiding Officer gives his order.

About Nominated members in Rajya Sabha:

  • Rajya Sabha has 12 nominated members from different walks of life.
  • The general criterion for their nomination is that they should have distinguished themselves in fields of literature, science, art, and social service.
  • These are nominated by the President as recommended by the Centre.
  • Nominated members have the same rights and privileges as that of elected members, with the key difference that they cannot vote in the election of the President.

Art and Culture

Bhaona:

Why in News?

Political parties are using Bhaonabased performance for electoral campaigns in Assam.

About Bhaona:

  • Bhaona is traditional form of entertainment associated with Assam.
  • A Bhaona comprises of dialogues, songs, and dances.
  • Heavy drums and cymbals are used for music.
  • The actors performing it are known as Bhaoriya.
  • It was the created by the saint-reformer Sankardeva.

About Shankardeva

  • He was a Vaishnava saint born in 1449 A.D in Assam. He started the neo-Vaishnavite
  • Initially, his works included prose in Sanskrit but later he used Assamese and Brajavali to develop the artforms like:
    • Borgeet- a new form of spiritual music,
    • Bhaona- a mythology-based theatrical performance, and
    • Monastic dances that evolved into the classical Sattriya (a classical dance form which also acts as a medium to propagate Vaishnava faith.

News in Short

World Energy Transitions Outlook Report

  • The World Energy Transitions Outlook report was recently released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
  • IRENA is an intergovernmental organisationworking to facilitate cooperation, advance knowledge, and promote adoption and sustainable use of renewable energy resources.
  • It is the first international organisation which focusses exclusively on renewable energy, addressing the needs of both industrialized and developing nations.
  • Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, UAE.
  • IRENA has the status of United Nations observer.

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