DAILY PRELIMS NEWSLETTER (UPSC) |19 Mar 2021| RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

19March 2021

Table Of Contents

Environment……………………………………………………….. 1
  • Pilibhit Tiger Reserve ……………………………………….. 1
  • Mullaperiyar Dam ……………………………………………… 1
Science and Technology ……………………………………….. 2
  • Black Hole ……………………………………………………….. 2
Polity and Governance …………………………………………. 2
  • UDAN 4.1 ………………………………………………………… 2
International Relations…………………………………………. 3
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union ……………………………… 3
News in Short ……………………………………………………… 3
  • World Air Quality Report 2020 ……………………. 3

Environment

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

Why in News?

In an unfortunate incident the carcass of a young tigress was found in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, UP.

About Pilibhit Tiger Reserve:

  • It is located in northern Uttar Pradesh.
  • It was notified as a Tiger Reserve in 2014.
  • In 2020, it received the international award TX2 for doubling the number of tigers in the past four years.
  • Its northern edge lies along the Indo-Nepal border while the southern boundary is demarcated by the river Sharada and Khakra.
  • Flora: Sal forests, Grasslands with several water bodies.
  • Fauna: Tiger, Swamp deer, Bengal florican, Leopard, etc.

Mullaperiyar Dam

Why in News?

Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) has ordered the Mullaperiyar Dam Supervisory Committee to issue directions on issues concerning theMullapriyar dam’s safety.
The SC had constituted a Supervisory Committee to oversee the issues concerning Mullaperiyar dam. The dam has become a source of friction between Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

About Mullaperiyar Dam

  • The Mullaperiyar Dam is a 123-year-old dam, located on the confluence of the Kerala’s Mullayar and Periyar
  • The dam is operated and maintained by Tamil Nadu for meeting its drinking water and irrigation requirements.
  • Periyar River:The dam diverts the water of the west-flowing river Periyar eastward to the rain shadow regions of the Tamil Nadu.
    • The Periyar River is the longest river of Kerala.
    • It is also referred as the ‘Lifeline of Kerala’ as it is one among the few perennial rivers in the peninsular India.
      • A perennial river is the one that has continuous flow in parts of its stream bed all the year round.
    • Periyar River originates from Sivagiri hills, Western Ghats and flows through the Periyar National Park.
    • The main tributaries of Periyar riverare
      • Muthirapuzha,
      • Mullayar,
      • Cheruthoni,

    Science and Technology

    Black Hole

    Why in News?

    Scientists have recently discovered the first moving supermassive black hole whose mass is estimated to be three million times that of our Sun.

    About Black Hole:

    • It is point in space where the matter is so compressed that it created a gravity field from which even light cannot escape.

    Types of Black Hole:

    1. With mass about a few solar masses upto tens of solar masses- These are thought to form when massive stars die.
    2. Supermassive black holes-Having mass of about hundred thousands to billions of times mass of the sun of the Solar system.

    Polity and Governance

    UDAN 4.1

    Why in News?

    Recently, the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has proposed about 392 routes for bidding under UDAN 4.1.

    About UDAN 4.1:

    • It focusses on connecting smaller airports, special helicopter services and seaplane routes.
    • In consonance with Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, it will also contribute to Sagarmala Seaplane Services
    • Seaplane route between Kevadia and Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad is an example of Sagarmala Seaplane Services project.

    About UDAN Scheme:

    • UdeDesh ka AamNagrik (UDAN) scheme was launched to boost regional connectivity in 2016.
    • It is under the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
    • It aims to create affordable but economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying is within reach of common man even in small towns.
    • The scheme also envisages creating connectivity services in the un-served and underserved airports of the country by the revival of existing air-strips and airports.
    • Financial incentives are to be provided from the Centre, state governments and airport operators to selected airlines to encourage operations from such airports, and also to keep airfares affordable.

    International Relations

    Inter-Parliamentary Union

    Why in News?

    Recently, the President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) addressed MPs of the Indian Parliament.

    About IPU:

    • IPU is an international organisation of national parliaments established in 1889 in Paris.
    • It works closely with the United Nation (UN), regional parliamentary organisations, international intergovernmental organisations, and non-governmental organisations.
    • It is one of its kind platform that observe political opinions and trends around the world.
    • Aims and Objectives:
      • Promote parliamentary dialogue world-wide.
      • Work for peace and cooperation among the people.
      • Promote democratic governance, accountability, and cooperation among its members.
    • It promotes parliamentary action by addressing international concerns in six main areas:
      • Representative democracy.
      • Peace and security.
      • Sustainable development.
      • Human rights and humanitarian law.
      • Women in politics.
      • Education, science, and culture.
    • 179 countries including India are members of the IPU.
    • It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

    News in Short

    World Air Quality Report 2020

    • The World Air Quality Report was released by Swiss organisation IQ Air.
    • It mentions that globally 22 of the top 30 most polluted cities are in India.
    • The Report used PM2.5 data from 106 countries to arrive at the result.
    • PM 2.5 is an atmospheric particulate matter of diameter fewer than 2.5 micrometres, which can be estimated as 3% the diameter of a human hair.
    • It cancause :
      • Respiratory problems
      • Reduces visibility
      • It acts as an endocrine (gland) disruptor that can affect insulin secretion thereby contributing to diabetes.
    • It is very small in size and hence canonly be detected with the help of an electron microscope.
    • Souce of PM 2.5:
      • Construction sites,
      • Unpaved roads,
      • Fields,
      • Smokestacks
    • Most of PM2.5 particles form in the atmosphere itself due to result of complex chemical reactions between chemicals like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which are emitted from power plants, industries and automobiles.

    Started From 14 Mar 2021

    RaghukulCS Test Series

    Buy This Magazine at Just @29 Rs.

    Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

    Buy This Magazine at Just @59 Rs.

    Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

    Buy This Magazine at Just @49 Rs.

    Click On Magazine Image  to Buy.

    Share With Your Friends

    Share on facebook
    Facebook
    Share on twitter
    Twitter
    Share on linkedin
    LinkedIn
    Share on whatsapp
    WhatsApp
    Share on print
    Print

    Leave a Reply