DAILY PRELIMS NEWSLETTER(UPSC)|20 Mar 2021 | RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

20March 2021

Table Of Contents

Polity and Governance ……………………………………………………… 1
  • Electoral Bonds …………………………………………………………………….. 1
Society ………………………………………………………………………………. 1
  • Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 .. 1
Governmental Initiatives: …………………………………………………. 2
  • National Technical Textiles Mission ………………………………………. 2
  • Catch the Rain Compaign ………………………………………………………. 3
  • Go Electric Campaign ……………………………………………………………. 3
Places in News ………………………………………………………………….. 3
  • Chambal River ………………………………………………………………………. 3

Polity and Governance

Electoral Bonds

Why in News?

The Supreme Court has agreed to urgently hear a plea to stay the sale of a new set of electoral bonds for upcoming assembly elections.

About Electoral bonds:

  • Electoral Bond is a financial instrument to make donations to political parties.
  • The bonds are issued in denominations of Rs. 1,000, Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1 lakh, Rs. 10 lakh and Rs. 1 crore and has no maximum limit.
  • SBI is authorised to issue and also encash these bonds.
  • The bonds are valid for fifteen days from the date of its issuance.
  • These bonds are redeemable only in the designated account of a registered political party.
  • Every registered party under RPA, 1951 which has secured at least 1% of the votes polled in the most recent Lok Sabha or State election are allotted a verified account by the Election Commission of India for the purpose of Electoral bond transactions.
  • The bonds can be purchased by any person-who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India.
  • The bonds are available for purchase for a period of ten days each in the months of January, April, July and October and as may be specified by the GoI.
  • A person can buy bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals.
  • Donor’s name is not mentioned or indicated on the bond.

Society

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Why in News?

Recently, the Rajya Sabha passed the MTP (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

Key Provisions of MTP (Amendment) Bill, 2020

  • Pregnancy may be terminated up to 20 weeks by a married or unmarried woman in the case of failure of contraceptive method or device.
  • Opinion of one registered medical practitioneris compulsory for termination of pregnancy up to 20 weeks of gestation.
    • Gestation is the foetal development period from the time of conception until birth.
  • Opinion of two registered medical practitioners is compulsory for termination of pregnancy of 20-24 weeks of gestation.
  • Opinion of a State-level medical board is essential to terminate a pregnancy after 24 weeks in case of substantial foetal abnormalities.
  • Every state government must constitute a Medical Board.
  • Medical Boards will consist of:
    • a gynaecologist,
    • a paediatrician,
    • a radiologist or sonologist,
    • any other number of members, as may be notified by the state government.
  • This amendment seeks to enhances the upper gestation limit from 20 to 24 weeks for special categories of women as defined in the subsequent amendments to the MTP Rules and would include survivors of rape, victims of incest and other vulnerable women (like differently-abled women, minors) etc.
  • Confidentiality Clause:The name and other particulars of such woman shall not be revealed, except to a person authorised in any law that is currently in force.

Governmental Initiatives:

National Technical Textiles Mission

Why in News?

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has recently approved setting up of a National Technical Textiles Mission.

About NTTM:

  • It aims to improve the status of the country as a global leader in technical textiles and also increase the use of technical textiles in the domestic market.
  • Under the Ministry of Textiles.
  • Components of the mission:
    1. Focus on R&D at both fibre level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles, etc.
    2. Promotion and development of the market for technical textiles.
    3. Focus on export promotion with setting up of an export promotion council for technical textiles.
    4. Focus on education, training and skill development.

About Technical Textiles:

  • Technical textiles are functional fabrics that have applications across various industries like automobiles, civil engineering, agriculture, healthcare, industrial safety, personal protection etc.
  • Based on usage, presently there are 12 technical textile segments;Agrotech, Meditech, Buildtech, Mobiltech, Clothtech, Oekotech, Geotech, Packtech, Hometech, Protech, Indutech and Sportech.
  • For instance, ‘mobiltech’ refers to products in automobiles such as seat belts and airbags,;geotech, has applications in geology like used to hold back soil, etc.

    Catch the RainCompaign

    Why in News?

    Recently,Catch the Rain campaign: National Water Missionwas launched.

    About Catch the Rain Campaign: 

    • Launched by Ministry of Jal Shakti in collaboration with the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sportsacross the country.
    • Tag line: Catch the rain, where it falls, when it falls.

    Aims of the campaign:

    • Create Rain Water Harvesting Structures suitable for the climatic conditions and subsoil strata for storing rainwater.
    • To engage with people at the grassroots through campaigning, information, education and communication (IEC) activities for implementation of the campaign.

    Go Electric Campaign

    Why in News?

    Recently, Go Electric Campaign was launched by the Ministry of Power.

    About Go Electric Campaign:

    Aims:

    • To push India towards 100% e-mobility, clean and safe e-cooking.
    • To create awareness at and reduce the import dependence of the country.
    • To move ahead on path of a low carbon economy.
    • Implementation Agency: Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under Ministry of Power

    About Bureau of Energy Efficiency:

    • It is a statutory body setup under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
    • It assists in developing policies and strategies with the objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian economy.

    Places in News

    Chambal River

    • It is one of the least polluted rivers of India.
    • Origin: Singar Chouri peak, Vindhya mountains near Indore in MP.
    • States it flows in: MP, Rajasthan, UP
    • In UP it joins the Yamuna River in Etawah District.
    • It is a rainfed
    • Its basin is bounded by the Vindhyan mountain ranges and the Aravallis.
    • Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh.
    • Tributaries: Banas, Kali Sindh, Sipra, Parbati, etc.

    Information:

    • The National Chambal Sanctuary is located on river Chambal at the tri-junction of Rajasthan, MP and UP.
    • It is known for critically endangered animals like the gharial, the red-crowned roof turtle, and also the endangered Ganges river dolphin.

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