Daily Prelims Newsletter|23 Jun 2021|RaghukulCS

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

23 June 2021-Wednesday

Table Of Contents

Polity and Governance

  • Delimitation Commission

Security

  • Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) 

Governmental Initiatives

  • Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) 

International Relations

  • G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’ 
  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

Polity and Governance

Delimitation Commission

Why in News?

For upcoming Assembly elections to be held in Jammu and Kashmir, delimitation of seats will be necessary.

About Delimitation Process:

  • Delimitation means the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies to represent changes in population.
  • The body that does this delimitation exercise is called the Delimitation Commission.
  • As per Article 72 and 170, theParliament will enact Delimitation Act after every census to delimit territorial constituencies for Parliament and state legislature respectively.
  • The first delimitation exercise in post-independence India was carried out by the President (with the help of the Election Commission) in 1950-51.
  • Further, the Delimitation Commission Act was enacted in 1952.
  • Till now, Delimitation Commissions have been set up four times —
    • 1952,
    • 1963,
    • 1973

About Delimitation Commission:

  • The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India.
  • It works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India or ECI.
  • Composition of the Commission:
    • Retired Supreme Court judge
    • Chief Election Commissioner
    • Respective State Election Commissioners
  • Functions of Delimitation Commission:
    • Determine the number and boundaries of constituencies to make population of all constituencies nearly equal.
    • To identify seats reserved for SCs and STs wherever their population is relatively large.
  • The orders of Delimitation Commission have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court.

Security

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)

Why in News?

CDSwill soon chair important meeting to sort out issues on theatre command.

About CDS:

  • He will be the single-point military adviser to the GoI as suggested by the Kargil Review Committee in 1999.
  • He is to be a Four-star General.
  • He acts as the Permanent Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee which also has thethree service chiefs as members.
  • His function is to foster greater operational synergy between the three service branches of the Indian military and keep inter-service frictions to a minimum.

Other Conditions of the office of CDS:

  • Not eligible to hold any Government office after demitting the office of CDS.
  • No private employment without prior approval of GoI for a period of five years after demitting the office of CDS.

Roles and functions:

  • He will provide single-point military adviceto the GoI, inject synergy in planning, procurements and logistics in the armed forces.
  • The move will ensure integration of land,air and sea operations through the eventual setting up of theatre commands.
  • The CDS will also function as the military advisor to the PM-led Nuclear Command Authority.
  • He will also have the direct command of tri-Service organizations to handle the new warfare domains of space and cyberspace.
  • He will function as the Principal Military Adviser to the Defence Minister.
  • He will also function as the Permanent Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee.
  • He will also be the member of Defence Acquisition Council and Defence Planning Committee.

Governmental Initiatives

Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS)

Why in News?

A Solar rooftop in Himachal Pradesh was inaugurated under IPDS.

About IPDS:

  • Launched in December
  • Nodal Implementation Agency: Power Finance Corporation Ltd. (PFCL), a NavratnaCPSE under the administrative control of Ministry of Power.

Components:

  • Strengthening the sub-transmission and distribution networks in urban areas.
  • Metering of distribution transformers / feeders / consumers in urban areas.
  • Underground cabling to include additional demand of States,
  • Smart metering solution for performing UDAY States,
  • Setting up Solar panels on Govt. buildings with net-metering are also encouraged under the scheme.

Objectives

  • 24×7 Power supplies for all consumers.
  • Reduction of aggregate technical and commercial losses in electricity transmission.
  • Providing access to power to all households in the country.

Eligibility:

  • All Power Distribution Companies (Discoms) are eligible for financial assistance under this scheme.

International Relations

G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’

Why in News?

Recently, external affairs minister stated that India is looking forward to work with G7 on its infrastructure initiative.

About G7:

  • It is an intergovernmental organisation formed in 1975.
  • It meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
  • The group doesn’t have a formal constitution or a fixed headquarters.
  • The decisions taken by the leaders during annual summits are non-binding on the member countries.
  • Members: G7 is a bloc of industrialized democracies i.e.France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and Canada.
  • In 1997, G7 was joined by Russia and it was renamed as G8.
  • However, the group came to be recalled G7, since Russia was expelled as a member in 2014 following Russia’s annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine.
  • Apart from leaders of member countries, important international organizations like European Union, IMF, World Bank and the United Nations are also invited to its summits.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB):

Why in News?

Despite worsening Indo-China relations, GoI is continuing with AIIB funded projects in India.

About AIIB:

  • AIIB is a multilateral development bank which aims toto improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and the world.
  • Headquarter: Beijing.
  • There were 57 founding members of AIIB and there are more than 100 members of AIIB now.
  • Fourteen of the G-20 nations are AIIB members including France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.
  • Shareholding:
    • China is the largest shareholder with 26.61 % followed by
    • India (7.6%),
    • Russia (6.01%) and
    • Germany (4.2 %).
  • NOTE: Japan and USA are notmembers of AIIB.

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