Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

25 March 2021

Table Of Contents

  • GST Compensation to states
Polity and Governance 
  • Sixth Schedule areas: 
International Relations
  • Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) 
  • UN Human Rights Council
  • Indus Water Treaty
News in Short
  • Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) 
  • Cultural Symbols of Assam 


GST Compensation to states

Why in News?

The Centre will soon release ₹30,000 crore as GST compensation to the States, from the compensation cess collection during this year.

About GST Compensation

  • Under the GST Compensation Act, 2017, GoI guaranteed the States that they would be compensated for any loss of revenue during the first five yearsafter GST implementation, i.e., until 2022.
  • For this purpose, a cess would be levied on sin and luxury goods.
  • This Act also assumed that the GST revenue of the States would grow at 14% every year, from the amount collected in 2015-16, after all the taxes were subsumed by the GST.

About Compensation cess fund:

  • A compensation cess fund was created through which States were to be paid for any such shortfall.
  • An additional cess was imposed on items like pan masala, cigarettes and tobacco products, aerated water, caffeinated beverages, coal and certain passenger motor vehicles.
  • The GST Act states that the proceeds of cess thus collected and “such other amounts as may be recommended by the [GST] Council” would be credited to GST Compensation Cess fund.

Polity and Governance

Sixth Schedule areas:

Why in News?

In a response filed in Lok Sabha, Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) stated that “presently, there is no proposal to implement panchayati raj system in Sixth Schedule areas of Assam”.

About Sixth Schedule Areas:

  • The provision of Sixth Scheduled Areas was brought to protect tribal population and provide autonomy to these communities through creation of autonomous development councils.
  • The ADCs can frame laws on land, public health, agriculture and others.
  • Presently, 10 autonomous councils exist in states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • This special provision is provided under Article 244(2) and Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India.

Key takeaways:

  • The Governor is empowered to organise and re-organise these ADCs.
  • If there are different tribes in an autonomous district, the governor is empowered to divide the district into several autonomous regions.
  • ADCs are composed of 30 members, of whom:
    • four are nominated by the governor and the
    • remaining 26 are elected on the basis ofadult franchise.
  • Term in office:
    • The elected members hold office for a period of five years (unless the council is dissolved earlier)
    • Nominated members hold office during the pleasure of the governor.
  • Each autonomous region also has a separate regional council.

Power of ADCs:

  • The district and regional councils are empowered to administer the areas under their jurisdiction.
  • They can make laws on specified matters like
    • land,
    • forests,
    • canal water,
    • shifting cultivation,
    • village administration,
    • inheritance of property,
    • marriage and divorce, etc.
  • But all laws soc created require the assent of the governor.
  • Village councils: The district and regional councils within their territorial jurisdictions is empowered to constitute village councilse.,court for trial of suits and cases between the tribes.
  • The jurisdiction of high court over such suits and cases is as specified by the governor.

    International Relations

    Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI)

    Why in news?

    India has put a temporary hold on all major exports of the coronavirus vaccines to meet demands at home as infections rise. This move will likely affect supplies to GAVI.

    About GAVI:

    • Gavi is an international organisation – a global Vaccine Alliance, with both public and private sectors as partners.
    • It aims to create equal access to new and underused vaccines for children living in the world’s most poor countries.
    • It also contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals throughout the world by focusing on performance, outcomes and results.
    • Its partners also provide funding for the vaccines and intellectual resources for care advancement.
    • They also contribute, to strengthening of the capacity of the health care system in the poor countries.
    • Members:

    UN Human Rights Council:

    Why in News?

    India abstained from votingon a crucial resolution concerning Sri Lanka’s rights record at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.

    About UNHRC:

    • The UNHRC is a United Nations body with mission of promoting and protecting human rights around the world.
    • It was reconstituted from its predecessor organisation, the UN Commission on Human Rights.
    • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
    • The UNHRC passes non-binding resolutions on human rights issues through a periodic review of all 193 UN member states called Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
    • It also oversees expert investigation of violations of human rights in specific countries.

    Composition of UNHRC:

    • It has 47 members elected for three-year terms on a regional group basis from 5 groups.
    • To become a member, a country must receive absolute majority, i.e. the votes of at least 97 of the 193 states of the UN General Assembly.
    • Member Countries are allowed only two consecutive terms.

    Indus Water Treaty

    Why in News?

    After a gap of more than years Indian and Pakistani delegations have begun the meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission under Indus Water Treaty.

    About Indus Water Treaty:

    • It is a Water-Distribution Treaty, signed in 1960, between India and Pakistan.
    • The treaty was brokered by the World Bank.
    • Under the treaty,
      • India has complete control over water flowing in the eastern rivers– Beas, Ravi and Sutlej.
      • Pakistan has control over the water in western rivers– Indus, Chenab and Jhelum.

    About Permanent Indus Commission:

    • The Permanent Indus Commission is a bilateral commission comprising of officials from India and Pakistan.
    • It was created to implement the goals of the Indus Waters Treaty, 1960.
    • The Commission must meet regularly at least once a year, alternately in India and Pakistan.

    News in Short

    Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI)

    • The IRDAI is an autonomous, statutory body established under the statuteInsurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999.
    • It is entasked with regulating and promoting the insurance and re-insurance industries in India.
    • It isheadquarteredat Hyderabad, Telangana.
    • It is a 10-member body comprising of:
      • chairman,
      • five full-time and
      • four part-time members
    • All the members are appointed by the government of India.

    Cultural Symbols of Assam

    • Different cultural symbols are being used for election campaigning in Assam.
    • Jaapi: A conical hat made of bamboo and covered with dried tokou (a palm tree found in Assam) leaves.
      • Most of Assam’s jaapis are made by artisans in a cluster of villages in Nalbari
    • Gamosa: It is a cloth with varied usagelike as a towel or in public functions  to felicitate dignitaries.
    • Xorai: Made of bell-metal, it is a tray with stand at the bottom. It can be found in almost all Assamese households.

    Started From 14 Mar 2021

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