- Malabar is the most complex naval exercise India does with any other country.
- It is a multilateral war-gaming naval exercise that was started in 1992.
- It began as a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and the United States.
- Two more editions of the exercise were carried out in 1995 and 1996, after which there was a break until 2002 in the aftermath of India’s nuclear tests.
- Japan and Australia first participated in 2007, and since 2014, India, the US, and Japan have participated in the exercise every year.
- Malabar, which began as a bilateral exercise between India and the U.S. in 1992 and became multilateral with the addition of Australia and Japan, has also significantly grown in scope and complexity.
Twenty-five editions of the exercise have been conducted till date with the last edition conducted in two phases in August and October 2021.