Daily Prelims Newsletter for upsc 10 Jan 2022

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

10 Jan 2022-Monday

Table Of Contents

Table of Contents


Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Tourism recently launched several components of the PRASHAD-funded “Development of Govardhan, Mathura” project.
  • Additionally, the government distributed monies under the Swadesh Darshan plan for the purpose of building tourism infrastructure in Uttar Pradesh through several spiritual circuits such as the Ramayana and Buddha circuits.

PRASHAD scheme:

  • The Ministry of Tourism established the ‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive’ (PRASAD) in 2014-15 with the goal of holistically developing recognized pilgrimage places.
  • In October 2017, the scheme’s name was modified from PRASAD to “National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASHAD)”
  • After the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development discontinued the HRIDAY plan, the development of heritage destinations was included in the PRASAD scheme, which was renamed PRASHAD.
  • Numerous sacred cities/sites have been selected for development under the PRASHAD project, including Amaravati and Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh, Kamakhya in Assam, Parasuram Kund in Lohit District in Arunachal Pradesh, Patna and Gaya in Bihar, and others.
  • The projects nominated under this plan would be executed by the relevant State/Union Territory Governments via the listed agencies.
  • The Central Government fully funds all project components that receive public financing.
  • This program aims to harness the voluntary money available for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in order to increase the sustainability of the schemes’ initiatives.

The PRASHAD scheme has the following objectives:

  • Utilize pilgrimage tourism for its multiplier and direct influence on economic growth and job creation.
  • In developing pilgrimage locations, adhere to the pro-poor tourism idea and community-based development.
  • Making use of public expertise and money.
  • Increase visitor appeal in religious places sustainably by providing world-class infrastructure.
  • Sensitize local residents to the value of tourism in terms of better living conditions, increased revenue streams, and overall regional development.
  • Promote indigenous culture, arts, food, and handicrafts in order to create revenue in the designated areas.

Proposed National Aero sports Policy for the Year 2022

Why in News:

  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation invites public comment on a draught ‘National Air Sports Policy (NASP).’
  • NASP 2022 includes aerobatics, aeromodelling, homebuilt, and experimental aircraft, ballooning, drones, gliding, hang gliding, and paragliding; micro lighting and paramotoring; and skydiving and antique aircraft.

About New Policy:

  • It aims to capitalize on India’s enormous potential for air sports, owing to the country’s vast geographical breadth, diversified terrain, and favorable meteorological conditions.
  • By 2030, the objective is for India to be one of the world’s leading air sports countries.
  • The objective is to create an environment in India that is safe, economical, accessible, pleasant, and sustainable for air sports.
  • As the apex governing body, the Air Sports Federation of India (ASFI) would be established.
  • Associations for each air sport will oversee day-to-day operations. ASFI will hold these air sports organizations responsible.
  • ASFI will represent India in the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) and other international air sports organisations.
  • The FAI is the world’s governing organization for air sports, with its headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland.

By 2030, India will be Asia's second-largest economy

Why in News:

  • According to IHS Markit, India is on track to replace Japan as Asia’s second-biggest economy by 2030, when its GDP is expected to exceed that of Germany and the United Kingdom to become the world’s third-largest.

Expectations and determining factors:

  • India is now the world’s sixth-biggest economy, behind the United States, China, Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
  • India’s nominal GDP is expected to increase to $8.4 trillion by 2030, up from $2.7 trillion in 2021.
  • The long-term prognosis for the Indian economy is bolstered by the country’s sizable and rapidly increasing middle class, which contributes to consumer spending growth.
  • According to IHS Markit, the country’s consumer spending would treble to $3 trillion by 2030, from $1.5 trillion in 2020.
  • India’s real GDP growth rate is anticipated to be 8.2 percent for the whole fiscal year 2021-22, recovering from a severe drop of 7.3 percent year on year in 2020-21.
  • The Indian economy is expected to continue rising rapidly in the fiscal year 2022-23, at a rate of 6.7 percent.
  • India’s fast-developing consumer market and robust industrial sector have elevated the country to a major investment destination for global corporations across a range of industries, including manufacturing, infrastructure, and services.

Union Minister of Jal Shakti Announces the Third National Water Awards

What’s the news?

  • Recently, the Ministry of Jal Shakti announced the 3rd National Water Awards-2020.

What role does water play in India?

  • India accounts for more than 18% of the world’s population yet only accounts for 4% of the world’s renewable water resources.
  • India’s present annual water consumption is predicted to be over 1,100 billion cubic metres, but this figure is expected to rise to 1,447 billion cubic metres by 2050.

Concerning the National Water Awards

  • It was released for the first time in 2018 by the Jal Shakti Ministry.
  • The award was presented in 11 categories, including Best State, Best District, Best Village Panchayat, Best Urban Local Body, Best Media (Print & Electronic), and Best School.
  • The winners will get a citation, a trophy, and a monetary reward.
  • Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu have been named the top three states in the Best State category of the 3rd National Water Awards.

What are the National Water Awards?

  • It was established to acknowledge and promote the meritorious work and efforts of States, people, and organisations across India toward achieving the government’s goal of a ‘Jal Samridh Bharat’.
  • This encourages stakeholders to take a comprehensive approach to the country’s water resource management.
  • The National Water Awards programme aims to educate the public about the value of water and to urge them to practise water conservation.

KVIC introduces an innovative Mobile honey processing Van

What’s the news?

  • KVIC’s Chairman inaugurated the country’s first Mobile Honey Processing Van.
  • KVIC created the Mobile Van in-house as part of its Honey Mission.
  • KVIC has supplied approximately 1.60 lakh bee boxes and generated over 40,000 jobs via the Honey Mission.

What is a honey processing mobile van?

  • The Van is capable of processing up to 300 kg of honey in eight hours.
  • Additionally, it is equipped with a testing facility that can rapidly determine the honey’s quality.
  • It will be staffed by a laboratory technician and a technical assistant who will be responsible for conducting honey testing.
  • It will contribute to the advancement of the “Sweet Kranti” (Sweet Revolution) cause, which is focused on honey production.

What are the benefits of this mobile processing unit?

  • Beekeepers and farmers will get a reasonable price for their honey.
  • It will allow honey processing at farmers’ and beekeepers’ doorsteps, avoiding the difficulty and expense of transporting honey to processing factories in distant cities.
  • It will increase the profitability of beekeeping for small beekeepers, who incur extra costs for bringing their honey to other cities for processing and packaging and sometimes have to sell their honey to the agents at a very low price.
  • It will aid rural beekeepers in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan.
  • This helps protect the purity of honey and eliminates the possibility of adulteration.

The Binary Star

  • Binary stars are a pair of stars orbiting each other around their shared gravitational centre.
  • A significant fraction of stars in the Milky Way Galaxy, approximately half, are binaries or part of more complicated multiple systems.
  • The brighter of thetwo stars is officially designated as the main, while the dimmer of the two is designated as the secondary (classified as A and B respectively).
  • When two stars are of equal brightness, the discoverer’s designation is followed. Our Sun is an ephemeral star.
  • Although binary stars are sometimes referred to as double stars, the latter term refers to any pair of stars that are near in proximity to one another in the sky.
  • Thus, double stars include real binaries as well as stars that seem to be close together but are actually fairly far away as seen from Earth.

The world's first open-air rock museum

  • The Ministry of Science and Technology launched India’s first open rock museum in Hyderabad, showcasing a variety of different kinds of rocks from several states with ages ranging from 3.3 billion years to around 55 million years.
  • Additionally, these rocks symbolise the earth’s deepest section, which extends up to 175 kilometres below the earth’s surface.

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