Daily Prelims Newsletter for upsc 10 May 2022

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

10 May 2022-Tuesday

Table Of Contents

Table of Contents

Mission to Improve Physical Literacy

Why is this newsworthy?

The Supreme Court has requested responses from the federal government and states in response to a study urging that sports be declared a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Constitution.

Furthermore, the court’s amicus curiae (friend of the court) report recommended that the “limited” term “sport” be substituted with “physical literacy,” a term “firmly established as a right in the world’s best sporting nations.”

What is the Supreme Court’s ruling’s premise?

The report was submitted as part of a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) to alter the Constitution to make sports a fundamental right and to change the State Policy Directive Principles to include a responsibility to “strive for the promotion of sports education.”

It had argued that sports should be moved to the Concurrent List to make it easier for the Centre and states to collaborate (at present, sports is a state subject).

What conclusions did the report draw?

The Central Government should conduct a “National Physical Literacy Mission,” according to the Responsibility Matrix.

The mission should adopt a responsibility matrix that starts at the school level and encompasses curriculum creation, compliance monitoring and review, grievance redressal, and self-correction procedures.

Dedicated Sports Time: All school boards, including CBSE, ICSE, State Boards, IB, and IGCSE, shall be directed to spend at least 90 minutes of every school day to free play and games beginning in the academic year 2022-2023.

Free Utilize of Sports Facilities: State governments should ensure that, beginning this academic year, all educational institutions should enable neighbourhood children to use their playgrounds and sports facilities during non-working hours.

Draft a “Physical Literacy Policy”: Educational institutions should be given 180 days to draught a “Physical Literacy Policy.”

The institution’s commitment to a “no-child-left-behind” strategy will be included in the policy.

It should guarantee that the physical literacy activities at the institution are created and implemented in a way that is inclusive of all students.

Internal Committee: 

It is necessary to establish an internal committee to address particular circumstances where obligations fail to deliver students’ entitlement to physical literacy.


A dashboard with real-time data on the availability and usage rates of available playgrounds and open spaces, availability and credentials of physical education teachers, curricula, timetables, and equipment in educational institutions across the country is needed.

Physical Education, Physical Activity, and Sport: An International Charter

The International Charter of Physical Education, Physical Activity, and Sport is a rights-based framework for sport policy and decision-making.

It encourages everyone to participate in sports without discrimination. It establishes ethical and quality criteria for all actors involved in the development, implementation, and evaluation of sport policies and programmes.

Adopted at the UNESCO General Conference’s 20th session (1978).

Sports have been given pride of importance in the latest National Education Policy (NEP 2020). (NEP 2020).

Sports, which were formerly considered extracurricular activities, are now deemed part of the curriculum, and grades in sports will be factored into the children’s education.

Higher education institutes and a sports university are being built. Sports sciences and sports management should be taught in schools since it will boost the youth’s career possibilities and strengthen India’s position in the sports economy.

Sports Promotion Schemes Sports Authority of India (Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports)

India Khelo Assistance to National Sports Federations; Special Awards to Winners and Coaches of International Sports Events;

National Sports Awards, Meritorious Sports Persons Pension, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Sports Welfare Fund, National Sports Development Fund, and Sports Authority of India-run Sports Training Centres

Jan Suraksha Schemes have been running for seven years.

Why is this newsworthy?

The Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), and Atal Pension Yojana (APY) have recently finished their seventh year of providing a social security net.

To ensure that citizens in the unorganised sector of the country are financially secure, the government developed two insurance schemes – PMJJBY and PMSBY – as well as an APY to cover old-age needs.

The Prime Minister introduced these programmes in Kolkata, West Bengal, in May 2015.

PMSBY stands for Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana.

Scheme: It is a one-year accidental insurance plan that is renewable year after year and provides coverage for accidental death or disability.

Individuals between the ages of 18 and 70 who have a savings bank or post office account are eligible to participate in the scheme.

Benefits: Accidental death and disability insurance of Rs.2 lakh (Rs.1 lakh in case of partial disability).

Achievements: As of date, more than 28.37 million people have enrolled in the scheme, with a total of Rs. 1,930 crore paid out for 97,227 claims.

PMJJBY stands for Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana.

It is a one-year life insurance plan that is renewable year after year and provides coverage for death due to any cause.

Individuals between the ages of 18 and 50 who have a savings bank or post office account are eligible to participate in the plan.

Benefits: For a cost of Rs. 330/- each year, you can get a life insurance policy worth Rs. 2 lakh in case you die for any cause.

Achievements: As of present, more over 12.76 crore people have enrolled in the scheme, with a sum of Rs. 11,522 crores paid out for 5,76,121 claims.

What does the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) stand for?

The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was established to provide a universal social security system for all Indians, particularly the impoverished, underprivileged, and unorganised sector employees.

It is a government initiative to give financial security and address future needs for persons working in the unorganised sector.

The National Pension System is administered by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) (NPS).


This scheme is open to all bank account holders between the ages of 18 and 40, and contributions vary depending on the amount of pension chosen.


 At the age of 60, subscribers would get a guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000, Rs. 2000, Rs. 3000, Rs. 4000, or Rs. 5000, based on their payments after entering the scheme.

The minimum pension would be guaranteed by the government, which means that if the accumulated corpus based on contributions produces a lower than expected return on investment and is insufficient to give the minimum guaranteed pension, the Central Government would cover the shortfall.

Alternatively, if investment returns are higher, subscribers will receive more pension payments.

Subscribers can contribute to APY on a monthly, quarterly, or half-yearly basis.


 More over 4 crore people have signed up for the scheme as of today.

Regulatory and Development Authority for Pension Funds (PFRDA)

It is the statutory authority established by Parliament to regulate, develop, and ensure the National Pension System’s orderly expansion (NPS).

It is part of the Ministry of Finance’s Department of Financial Services.

What are the Implications of These Plans?

These three social security schemes are committed to the people’ welfare, recognising the need of protecting human life from unforeseen risks/losses and financial uncertainties.

The PMJJBY and PMSBY provide consumers with low-cost life and accident insurance, while the APY allows them to save now in order to get a regular pension later in life.

The fact that so many people have registered in and benefited from these programmes over the previous seven years is proof of their success.

These low-cost insurance schemes and the guaranteed pension scheme ensure that financial security, which was previously only available to a privileged few, is now available to everyone.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Why is this newsworthy?

On Gopal Krishna Gokhale’s Jayanti, India’s Prime Minister paid respect to him.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a brilliant social reformer and educator who led India’s liberation fight with distinction.

What are our current knowledge of Gopal Krishna Gokhale?

9th of May 1866 at Kotluk village, Maharashtra (then part of the Bombay Presidency).


 For three decades, Gokhale worked for social empowerment, education growth, and the struggle for freedom in India, rejecting conservative or revolutionary methods.

Role in Colonial Legislatures: He served on the Bombay Legislative Council from 1899 to 1902, then the Imperial Legislative Council from 1902 till his death (1915).

Gokhale was instrumental in crafting the Morley-Minto reforms of 1909 in the Imperial legislature.

In the Indian National Congress, he was a member of the Moderate Group (joined in 1889).

In the Banaras session of 1905, he was elected president of INC.

This was a time when he and his fellow ‘Moderates’ were at odds with the ‘Extremists,’ led by Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, among others. At the 1907 Surat session, the two factions divided.

Despite their ideological differences, he battled hard for the liberation of Lala Lajpat Rai, who was imprisoned by the British in Mandalay, Myanmar, in 1907.

Related Societies and Other Works: In 1905, he founded the Servants of India Society to promote Indian education.

  • He was also a contributor to Govind Ranade’s Sarvajanik sabha periodical.
  • Gokhale established the Ranade Institute of Economics in 1908.
  • He founded The Hitavada (The People’s Paper), an English weekly newspaper.
  • Mahatma Gandhi regards him as his political master since he is a liberal nationalist.
  • Gandhi dedicated a Gujarati book called ‘Dharmatma Gokhale’ to the politician.

Morley-Minto Reforms 1909: What Are They?

Admission of Indians to the Secretary of State’s council, the Viceroy’s executive council, and the executive councils of Bombay and Madras, as well as the inclusion of an elected element into legislative councils with separate electorates for Muslims, were among the reforms.

Indian nationalists viewed the reforms as overly conservative, and Hindus opposed the establishment of separate electorates for Muslims.

The size of the legislative councils at the federal level and in the provinces has been raised.

The Act expanded the Imperial Legislative Council’s maximum additional membership from 16 to 60.

The members of the legislative councils at the federal level and in the provinces were to be divided into four categories:

Governor-General and members of the executive council are ex officio members.

Official members nominated:

The Governor-General has nominated government officers.

Non-official members nominated:

 The Governor-General nominated them, but they were not government officials.

  • Members elected: Indians from many tribes were elected.
  • The members who were elected were indirectly elected.
  • For the first time, Indians were admitted to the Imperial Legislative Council.
  • Separate electorates were established for Muslims.
  • Only Muslims were allowed to vote for their representatives in some constituencies.
  • Satyendra P Sinha became the Viceroy’s Executive Council’s first Indian member.

Other’s News

Powai Lake

The Bombay High Court approved PILs contesting the construction of a cycling and jogging track around Powai Lake, saying the cycle track was illegal, dealing a blow to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC).

The Powai Lake is a wetland found in the north-eastern suburbs of Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Powai Lake is a man-made lake in Mumbai’s northwestern outskirts and Thane’s southwest.

It was created in 1891 by the construction of two dams on the Mithi River.

The goal was to build a reservoir that would provide water to Mumbai.

However, within a few years, the water quality had deteriorated to the point where it was pronounced unsafe to drink. It is utilised in the manufacturing industry.

The Maharashtra State Angling Association (formerly known as the Bombay Presidency Angling Association) currently maintains and manages the lake, which was founded in 1936.

Powai Lake was one of India’s ten principal lakes to be revived and restored in 1995, according to the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP).

BMC implemented this programme, which began in 2002. The lake’s condition has greatly improved as a result of this action.

Pantanal Wetland

The Pantanal wetland, according to Brazilian scientists, is in danger of collapsing.

South America’s Pantanal Wetland is the world’s largest wetland.

This freshwater wetland in Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia covers over 179,000 km2.

It has the largest vegetation and wildlife concentrations in South America.

Local communities and sport fishermen use the majority of the land for traditional cow ranching and fishing, with little impact on the ecosystems.

This marsh is in danger of collapsing owing to a succession of seemingly insignificant local actions that have a cumulative influence on one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems.

It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.

Climate change, deforestation in the Amazon jungle, severe drought, and huge fires are all threats.

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