The government is rethinking the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) position as well as the Department of Military Affairs (DMA) in order to streamline the establishment.
The CDS is a four-star General/Officer who serves as the Defence Minister’s Principal Military Advisor on all tri-services (Army, Navy, and Indian Air Force) concerns.
It has been observed that the appointment of a CDS is insufficient, and there are various difficulties about roles and responsibilities, as well as questions of equivalence, among others.
There is also a duality in the tasks and responsibilities associated with the CDS’s several hats, as well as overlap in responsibilities between the DMA and the DoD.
The ambitious timetables set for the construction of Theatre Commands, as well as the number of commands and their intended format, are also being reconsidered.
The first CDS was tasked with reorganising the Indian armed forces into integrated theatre commands, which would be the largest military reorganisation in 75 years and profoundly transform the way the three services function together.
The Vice Chiefs of three Services conducted extensive studies on the theatre commands — land-based Western and Eastern theatre commands, maritime theatre command, and an integrated air defence command — and concluded that the Army’s Northern Command would be excluded for the time being and integrated later.
However, disagreements about specific parts of the Air continue to exist.
The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister has released the ‘State of Inequality in India’ Report (EAC-PM).
There has been a significant progress in strengthening infrastructural capacity in the domain of health infrastructure, with a specific focus on rural areas.
By 2019-20, 95 percent of schools would have functioning bathroom facilities on campus (95.9% functional boy’s toilets and 96.9% functional girl’s toilets).
States and Union Territories such as Goa, Tamil Nadu, Chandigarh, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry have attained universal (100 percent) coverage of functional power connections.
According to the National Family Health Survey-5 (2019-21), 97% of families have access to power, 70% have better access to sanitation, and 96% have access to safe drinking water.
Education: The Gross Enrollment Ratio at the elementary, upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels increased between 2018-19 and 2019-20.
According to the statistics of NFHS-4 (2015-16) and NFHS-5 (2019-21), 58.6 percent of women obtained prenatal check-ups in the first trimester in 2015-16, rising to 70 percent by 2019-21.
Within two days following delivery, 78 percent of women received postnatal care from a doctor or auxiliary nurse, and 79.1 percent of infants received postnatal care.
However, nutritional deficiency in terms of overweight, underweight, and anaemia prevalence (particularly in children, teenage females, and pregnant women) remain major concerns that require immediate attention.
Furthermore, insufficient health coverage, which leads to high out-of-pocket expenses, has a direct impact on poverty instances.
He presided over the’shilanyas’ ceremony that marked the start of building on the India International Centre for Buddhist Culture and Heritage in the Lumbini Monastic Zone.
The centre will be a world-class institution, allowing pilgrims and tourists from all over the world to experience the essence of Buddhism’s spiritual qualities.
The facility is intended to serve scholars and Buddhist pilgrims from around the world who visit Lumbini.
The two leaders signed five agreements, one of which was between Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN) Ltd and the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) for the construction and implementation of the 490.2 megawatt Arun-4 hydropower project.
Nepal has also encouraged Indian firms to invest in the West Seti hydropower project.
India has proposed to establish a satellite campus of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Rupandehi and has supplied draught memorandums of understanding for signature between Indian and Nepali universities.
Nepal considered pending projects such as the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project, an essential component of the Mahakali Treaty agreed between Nepal and India in 1996, and the West Seti Hydropower Project, a reservoir-type project with a capacity of 1,200 megawatts.
The Nepali authorities wanted the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1949 in order to maintain the particular links they had with British India and to give them with an open border and the right to work in India.
However, it is now regarded as a symptom of an unequal relationship and an Indian imposition.
The idea of amending and upgrading it has been mentioned in Joint Statements since the mid-1990s, but only sporadically and infrequently.
In November 2016, India withdrawn Rs 15.44 trillion in high-value currency notes (Rs 1,000 and Rs 500). Today, almost Rs 15.3 trillion in new currency has been returned.
Nonetheless, many Nepali people who were legally entitled to Rs 25,000 in Indian currency (due to the Nepali rupee’s peg to the Indian rupee) were left high and dry.
The Nepal Rashtra Bank (Nepal’s central bank) owns Rs 7 crore, and public holdings are estimated to be around Rs 500 crore.
The unwillingness of India to accept demonetised bills at the Nepal Rastra Bank, as well as the uncertain fate of the report submitted by the Eminent Persons Group (EPG), have not benefited India’s image in Nepal.