The Government has released the results of the first round of the Quarterly Employment Survey for the period April to June 2021.
- QES is part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES).
What is the All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES)?
- It is released by Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment
- To provide frequent (quarterly) updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organized and unorganized segments, of nine selected sectors.
- These sectors altogether account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.
- Nine Selected Sectors:
- Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/ BPO and Financial Services.
- There are two components under AQEES,
- Quarterly Employment Survey (QES):It compiles relevant data from about 12,000 establishments selected through a sampling design to represent each of the nine sectors within each state/ Union Territory, as also each size-class (range of the number of workers) within each sector-State/ UT.
- Area Frame Establishment Survey (AFES):It covers the unorganized segment (with less than 10 workers) through a sample survey.
What are the key highlights of QES 2021?
- It shows a 29% increase in employment in nine sectors during the peak Covid-19 months of April-June 2021 over a base of 2013-14 (Sixth Economic Census – EC).
- The most impressive growth of 152% has been recorded in the IT/BPO sector.
- Nearly90% of the establishments have been estimated to work with less than 100 workers.
- There has been a decline in the share of female workers. From 31% in the 6th EC (2013) to 29% in QES (2021) data.
- Out of the 9 sectors, 7 sectors saw growth in employment while only 2 sectors (Trade, and Accommodation & Restaurants) saw a decline in employment figures.