Daily Prelims Newsletter|07 July 2021|RaghukulCS|UPSC

Daily Prelims Newsletter For UPSC
| RaghukulCS

07 July 2021-Wednesday

Table Of Contents


  • King Cobra

Science and Technology

  • Malaria Disease


  • Anti-Dumping Duty

Polity and Governance

  • Office of Governor

Governmental Initiatives

  • NIPUN Bharat Programme


King Cobra

Why in News?

Recently, a king cobra was sighted in the recently declared conservation reserve, Tillari, in Maharashtra.

About King Cobra:

  • They are one of the most venomous snakes on Earth.
  • They are the longest of all venomous snakes.
  • Their venom is not the most potent among venomous snakes, however, the amount of neurotoxin they can deliver in a single biteis enough to kill 20 people, or even an elephant for that matter.
  • They are the only snakes in the world which build nests for their eggs, and guard them ferociously until the hatchlings emerge.


  • Rain forests and plains of India, Southern China, and Southeast Asia.
  • Alsoother habitats like forests, bamboo thickets, mangrove swamps, high-altitude grasslands, and rivers, etc.


  • International pet trade.
  • Persecution by humans.
  • Used for skin, food, and medicinal purposes.
  • Protection Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
    • CITES: Appendix II.
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule II.

About Tillari Conservation Reserve:

  • It is the seventh wildlife corridor in Maharashtra to be declared as a ‘conservation reserve’.
  • Itlies in Western Ghats.
  • It serves as habitat for tigers and elephants moving between the three states of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
  • It connects Mhadei sanctuary in Goa and Bhimgad in Karnataka.
  • Forest Type:
    • Semi-evergreen forest,
    • Tropical moist deciduous forests

Science and Technology

Malaria Disease

Why in News?

China was recently declared Malaria free by WHI.

About Malaria:

  • It is a life-threatening mosquito borne blood disease.
  • It is caused by plasmodium parasites.
  • Its occurrence is mostly in the tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, South America and Asia.
  • The parasites spread with the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
  • After entering the human body, these parasites initially multiply and thrive within the liver cells. Later they attack the Red Blood Cells (RBCs) resulting in their rupture.
  • Symptoms of malaria:
    • fever,
    • Shaking chills,
    • headache,
    • muscle aches, and
  • It is bothpreventableandcurable.

  • The malaria vaccine is known as


Anti-Dumping Duty

Why in News?

Recently, the GoI has decided not to impose Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD) on imports of certain copper products, from China, Thailand, Korea and three other countries.

About Anti-Dumping Duty:

  • In international trade practices, dumping is said to occur when a country or a firm exports an item at a price lower than the price of that product in its domestic market.
  • Dumping impacts the price of that product in the importing country, negatively hitting margins and profits of local manufacturers.
  • Thus, Anti-dumping duty is imposed to rectify this situation arising out of the dumping of goods and its trade distortive effect on local economy.

NOTE: Although it is a protectionist tariff, use of anti-dumping measures as an instrument of fair competition is permitted by the WTO.

About Directorate General of Trade Remedies

  • It is the apex national authority under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • It administers all trade remedial measures likeanti-dumping, countervailing duties and safeguard measures.
  • It also provides trade defence support to the domestic industries and exporters in dealing with instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.

Related Information:

  • Countervailing Duties (CVDs) are tariffs levied on imported goods in order to offset subsidies made to producers and exporters of these goods in the exporting country.
  • CVDs aim to level the playing field between domestic and foreign producers of the product.

Polity and Governance

Office of Governor

Recently, 8 states got their new Governors.

Related Information about office of Governor:

  • Governor is the nominal executive head of the state.
  • The President of India appoints Governor for each state by warrant under his hand and seal. Govt. of India is responsible to nominate the governor for each state.
  • According to a Supreme Court ruling, the office of governor is not part of the union executive and it is an independent constitutional office.
  • Thus,the governor neither serves the union government, and nor is subordinate to it.
  • This mode of appointment of state governor by the centre is inspired from the Canadian model of government.
  • The governor holds office for a term of 5 years, subject to pleasure of the president.
  • Thus practically, his office has no fixed term.
  • The grounds on which a governor can be removed from office are not laid down in the constitution.
  • Governor can also be reappointed.
  • Constitutional qualifications to be a Governor:
    • Citizen of India
    • 35 years or older.
  • Governorhas immunity from any criminal proceedings, even with respect to his personal acts.
  • He cannot be arrested or imprisoned.
  • Only civil proceedings can be initiated against him for his personal acts that too after giving two months of prior notice.

Governmental Initiatives

NIPUN Bharat Programme


Recently, Union Education Minister launched the NIPUN Bharat Programme.

About NIPUN Bharat Programme:

  • It stands for National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy.
  • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Education.
  • Implementing Agency: Department of School Education and Literacy.
  • The programme aims to ensure that every child in the country attains foundational literacy and numeracy by the end of Grade 3.
  • It will be coveringlearning needs of children in the age group of 3 to 9 years.

Focus areas:

  • Development of physical and motor skills development
  • Socio-emotional development,
  • Literacy and numeracy development,
  • cognitive development, etc.
  • It will envision to support students, schools, teachers, parents, and communities, to help realise the true potential of children.

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