Definition: Emotional Intelligence is an individual’s capacity to use his/her emotions rationally while taking a
decision and handle the situation judiciously.
For Ex:The story of YakshaPrashna in Mahabharata – when four Pandavas died drinking water of Yaksha’s lake,
Yudhishtira, the eldest brother didn’t open attack on Yaksha, instead pleased Yaksha by giving answers of his
questions which helped Yudhishtira in bringing back lives of his four brothers.
How can EI be developed:
Training of mind: it needs training of mind while taking decisions. For ex. In a moment of anger one should
train him/her not to take hasty and irrational decisions.Another ex. is of BomanIrani played role of Dean of
Medical College in the movie Munna Bhai MBBS. He trained his mind not to get angry. Whenever he get
angry he laughs, thus preventing his other actions which might cause wrong to others.
Self-realization:one should know about himself/herself thoroughly. It means in which situation how you
are reacting and what are their outcomes. For ex. In the extreme happiness we throw parties with loud
music without considering the noise pollution and botheration to the neighbors.
Putting ourselves in other’s shoes:No matter what is the situation, before taking a decision we should
consider the other’s perspective with empathetic attitude. For Ex. Frequent conflict between doctors and
EI help an individual in taking ethical decisions:
Compassion as a deterrent:People with good emotional intelligence can understand the sufferings of
others. Thus they will try to avoid the actions which can cause sufferings to others like financial corruption,
caste discrimination, etc
Defender of rights of others: With EI, an individual can defend rights of other person. For ex. a father with
good EI can defend his daughter’s Right to Choice with which she can marry a person of her choice
instead of forced marriage or honor killing.
Flexible decisions: EI help an individual use his/her principles according to the time and space. It helps in
raking most ethical decision in the time of crisis. For ex. person with strong EI never think about
committing suicide due to any problem, instead he/she will find a solution on it.
EI in Governance: In governance, EI can lead to the better implementation of schemes or programs like
poverty alleviation, tribal welfare, farmer’s productivity etc. which will ensure justice and inclusive
War and Protest: EI can help in making ethical decision in war and protest. For. Ex. releasing the prisoners
of World War-II. Or the International treaty under which Wing Commander AbhinandanVarthaman came
back to India during recent Indai-Pakistan conflict.
In this way, EI helps a person in taking ethical decisions whatsoever the situation is. Most important example of
Gandhji showing EI is withdrawal of Non-Cooperation Movement after the ChauriChaura incident.