• An ethical dilemma (ethical paradox or moral dilemma) is a problem in the decision-making process between two
possible options, neither of which is absolutely acceptable from an ethical perspective. Although we face many ethical and moral problems in our lives, most of them come with relatively straightforward
solutions. On the other hand, ethical dilemmas are extremely complicated challenges that cannot be easily solved.
Therefore, the ability to find the optimal solution in such situations is critical to everyone. Every person may
encounter an ethical dilemma in almost every aspect of their life, including personal, social, and professional.
• Moreover, ethical dilemmas are situations in which there is a difficult choice to be made between two or more
options, neither of which resolves the situation in a manner that is consistent with accepted ethical guidelines.
When faced with an ethical dilemma, a person is faced with having to select an option that doesn’t align with an
established code of ethics or societal norms, such as codes of law and religious teachings, or with their internal
moral perceptions of right and wrong. Utilitarianism and ethical dilemma
• Utilitarianism is a philosophical view or theory about how we should evaluate a wide range of things that involve
choices that people face. Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism because it rests on the idea that it is the
consequences or results of actions, laws, policies, etc. that determine whether they are good or bad, right or
wrong. Under the Utilitarianism whatever is being evaluated, we ought to choose the one that will produce the
best overall results. According to this principle, when there is ethical dilemma, we should choose the option that
“maximizes utility,” i.e. that action or policy that produces the largest amount of good.
• It (Utilitarianism) offers a relatively straightforward method for deciding the morally right course of action for any
particular situation we may find ourselves in. To discover what we ought to do in any situation, we first identify the
various courses of action that we could perform. Second, we determine all of the foreseeable benefits and harms
that would result from each course of action for everyone affected by the action. And third, we choose the course
of action that provides the greatest benefits after the costs have been taken into account.
• Moreover, it (Utilitarianism) assesses an action in terms of its consequences or outcomes i.e., the net benefits
and costs to all stakeholders on an individual level. It strives to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number
while creating the least amount of harm or preventing the greatest amount of suffering. It holds that every entity’s
interests should be considered equally when making the decision, and this includes those of other species since
they also are capable of suffering. Under this, for any set of options it would view the most ethical option as the
one which produces the best balance of benefits over harm for the most stakeholders. So, in this way, this principle
helps us in overcoming ethical dilemma and help us takes right path.
Conclusion: In an era today that some have characterized as “the age of self-interest,” utilitarianism is a powerful
reminder that morality calls us to look beyond the self to the good of all. It asks us to look beyond self interest to
consider impartially the interests of all persons affected by our actions.