Q.) Land needed for mining, dams, and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill
dwellers, and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal
provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, it cannot sustain the displaced families for long.
These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant labourers.
Moreover, their development goes to industries, industrialists and urban communities
whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is
unethical. Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy?
Ethical Issues Involved:
Right to Livelihood v/s social infrastructure
Injustice as the monetary compensation is tardy
Duty of government towards vulnerable section of the society (DPSP)
Shifting of burden on these vulnerable section
Virtues of empathy and compassion for marginalised and those who suffer displacement
Proper rehabilitation and resettlement.
The case involves the social development as a greater good on the behest of dignity and livelihoods of Adivasis, hill
dwellers and rural communities. It presents the difficulty and necessity of balancing economic and social
My approach towards drafting a better compensation:
To make social justice embedded in economic activity and development project.
There should be holistic rehabilitation and resettlement program rather than just monetary compensation.
To ensure that living standard of displaced people do not deteriorate.
Local tradition and culture must be given due respect and effort must be made to preserve them.
Main element of the policy:
Mandatory social impact assessment along with environment impact assessment. Local people must be
integrated with the development which will ha
Rehabilitation and resettlement process must begin before the permission for the project is granted.
Company must use corporate social responsibility fund to rehabilitation and resettlement process.
Skill development programs like “Hunar Se Rojgar”, “SeekhoAurKamao”, Skill India etc has to be run for
capacity building and increasing coping capability.
People who face displacement must be provided all government facilities like PDS ration, Bank accounts,
Aadhar number etc. They must be protected from any form of discrimination in their new home.
They must be shown ways and means for employment opportunity.
Social integration at new place must be ensured.
Government and company must keep close contact with the migrants to help them with their future
problems and to give them a “sense of belongingness”.
In the process of development in a country, sometime the process of displacement become inevitable, however it
doesn’t mean that the concerns of affected people can be left unaddressed. The process should be fair and just.
Compensation should be rational which can prevent undue burden on the affected people.