Que ) It’s a festival of Makar Sankranti and the whole country will be celebrating it in different forms. On one hand, women will be celebrating it by exchanging sweets, on the other, children and men will be celebrating it by flying kites and playing loud music on their terraces and rooftops.
However, the Central Government has released an advisory to ban flying kites as the recent study suggested that hundreds of people get killed every year because of the Manja (threads) which is used to fly kites.
You have been given the responsibility of state of Rajasthan to reduce the accidents caused during this festival and ensure complete ban on flying kites. However, the people are adamant to buy and fly kites. Thus, the illegal markets have come up for selling kites and manja.
a) Analyze the situation from the perspective various stakeholders.
b) What steps you will take to bring the attitudinal change in people to solve above situation?
Above case presents the influence of age-old tradition on the behaviour of people which has shaped their adamant attitude.
Ethical Issues involved:
Right to Life for human being as well as other living beings such as birds
Age-old tradition and customs vs rational thinking
Violation of Law – ignoring advisory of government
No fear of local authority – illegal selling of kites – corrupt attitude
Perspective of stakeholders:
People celebrating festival: It is their right to celebrate their festival according to the respective culture. Some people fly the kites as they a thanks giving to a God.
Small businesses: Few people earn on this festival by selling kites and manja. It is their right to livelihood. As people are demanding it, there no wrong in selling the stuffs.
Environmental Perspective: The festival celebration is leading to injuries and deaths of birds. Also, the use plastic kites are detrimental to the environment.
Government’s Perspective: Government want to create environment of joyful celebration and to prevent death of single living being. Also, the Government’s resolution of ‘zero plastic pollution’ can be achieved through this ban.
My Perspective: The given situation put me in an ethical dilemma of following objectivity (government’s advisory) and people’s sentiments (celebrating festival). Here I need to show perseverance and courage and need to use my wisdom to achieve the win-win situation.
Steps to bring the attitudinal change in people:
Importance of Festival: It will explore the various forms of Makar Sankranti celebrated in India to which is very joyful and not harmful to anyone. For example, Makar Sankranti is dedicated to deity Sun as it begins it northward journey. So worshiping sun can be an option of celebrating festival. It is also like thanks giving to the environment.
Help of Police department: As this situation can be solved with the help of collective governance, the police can work to stop the illegal trade of kites and manja. This will stop the availability of kites and manja in the market which will deter the people to buy it.
Seminars and awareness programmes in schools and colleges: It will help in demonstrating the consequences of flying kites and manja to the children and youths. I will request to the role models to make an ethical and emotional appeal to people to give up the use of kites and manja.
Farmers’ participation: As it is also a festival of harvest season throughout the India, farmers can play an important role in this campaign.
Parents and Guardian: Usually parents and guardian are the important agencies to bring behavioural and attitudinal changes in their children and family. Thus, a healthy talk between parents and government through reasoning and giving example.
In this manner I will try to solve the situation amicably to bring sustainable change in the people. Also, it will help in setting an example for others to celebrate various festival in the country in an ethical manner.